T-Cell Gene Rearrangement-Test - Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Patient Preparing : No specific preparation is required for this test.

₹ 19000

T-Cell Gene Rearrangement, also known as T-Cell Receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement, is a test used to detect clonal expansion of T-lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that plays a crucial role in the body's immune response. Clonal expansion is a process in which a single cell and its progeny, carrying the same unique genetic mutation, proliferate abnormally. This is often a sign of a T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder, which includes a wide variety of conditions ranging from benign (noncancerous) to malignant (cancerous), such as certain types of lymphoma and leukemia.

The immune system's lymphocytes (T cells and B cells) are uniquely equipped with special receptor proteins on their surfaces, which are produced through a complex process that involves the rearrangement of gene segments. In T cells, these receptor proteins are known as T-cell receptors (TCRs). Each T cell produces a TCR with a unique specificity, allowing the immune system to recognize a vast array of foreign substances.

The T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test involves a technique called Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), which amplifies specific regions of the DNA in the TCR genes. This allows for the identification of a monoclonal population, suggesting a lymphoproliferative disorder.

Test Name T-Cell Gene Rearrangement
Sample Type Blood, Bone Marrow, Tissue
Preparations Required No specific preparation is required for this test.
Report Time 10 Days
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 19000

Why is the T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test performed?

The T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test is performed to diagnose or monitor diseases and conditions that cause the clonal expansion of T cells. These conditions can include various types of lymphomas and leukemias, and other lymphoproliferative disorders.

How is the test performed?

The test requires a sample of blood, bone marrow, or tissue, depending on the type and location of the suspected disorder. The sample is then sent to a laboratory where the DNA is extracted, and PCR is performed to amplify the TCR genes. The resulting DNA fragments are then analyzed to detect any clonal gene rearrangements.

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What do the results mean?

The presence of a clonal gene rearrangement typically indicates a lymphoproliferative disorder, but the exact type of disorder cannot be diagnosed based on this test alone. The results should be interpreted in conjunction with other clinical and diagnostic findings.

What are the potential risks associated with this test?

The risks associated with this test are generally minimal and are related to the collection of the sample. For blood draws, these risks can include pain, swelling, and bruising at the injection site, fainting, or infection. For bone marrow or tissue biopsies, the risks can be more significant and include pain, infection, and bleeding.

What factors could interfere with the results of the test?

The results can be affected by a variety of factors, including a recent blood transfusion, ongoing immunosuppressive therapy, and certain infections that can cause polyclonal expansion of lymphocytes.

How can I prepare for the test?

No specific preparation is necessary for this test. However, you should inform your healthcare provider about any medications you are currently taking.

What happens after the test?

Your healthcare provider will discuss the test results with you. If a clonal gene rearrangement is detected, further testing will likely be necessary to identify the exact type of lymphoproliferative disorder. This can include additional blood tests, imaging studies, and possibly a biopsy.

How is a T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder treated?

The treatment depends on the specific type and severity of the disorder. Treatment options can include watchful waiting, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. In some cases, a stem cell transplant may be recommended.

What is the prognosis for someone with a T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder?

The prognosis varies greatly depending on the specific type and stage of the disorder, the patient's overall health, and the response to treatment. Some conditions are highly treatable, while others may be more difficult to control.

Can T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders be prevented?

Most lymphoproliferative disorders cannot be prevented as they are typically caused by genetic mutations that occur randomly and are not linked to lifestyle or environmental factors.

This test is a powerful tool in the field of molecular diagnostics and immunology, providing valuable information about the clonality of T-cell populations. It is a critical component in the diagnostic workup of lymphoproliferative disorders, allowing for a more accurate diagnosis and subsequently a more targeted treatment approach. However, it is important to remember that the test results should be interpreted in the context of other clinical findings and diagnostic tests.

What is the difference between a clonal and a polyclonal population of cells?

A clonal population of cells refers to cells that are identical because they have originated from a single cell and its progeny, often as a result of a mutation. A polyclonal population refers to cells that are diverse because they come from multiple different cells. Clonal expansions are often a sign of a lymphoproliferative disorder, while polyclonal expansions can occur in response to infection or inflammation.

Are T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders hereditary?

While some genetic mutations associated with lymphoproliferative disorders can be inherited, most are acquired, meaning they occur randomly during a person's lifetime and are not passed on to children.

How are lymphoproliferative disorders classified?

Lymphoproliferative disorders are classified based on the type of lymphocyte (B cell or T cell) that is proliferating and the specific genetic changes present in the proliferating cells. This can often be determined through tests like T-Cell Gene Rearrangement and additional molecular diagnostic tests.

What are some examples of T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders?

Some examples of T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders include T-cell lymphomas, T-cell leukemias, and other conditions like lymphomatoid papulosis and mycosis fungoides. The specific type of disorder can often be determined through further testing and clinical evaluation.

Is there a cure for T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders?

While some T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders can be effectively managed and treated, a cure is not always possible. The goal of treatment is often to control symptoms, slow the progression of the disease, and improve quality of life. In some cases, a stem cell transplant may offer the potential for a cure.

What other tests might be ordered if a T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test is positive?

Additional tests that may be ordered can include flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, cytogenetic analysis, and molecular genetic testing. These tests can help to identify the specific type of lymphoproliferative disorder and guide treatment decisions.

How reliable is the T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test?

The T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test is highly sensitive and specific for detecting clonal expansions of T cells. However, the test may not detect all cases of lymphoproliferative disorders, particularly those that are in the early stages or that involve a small number of abnormal cells.

Can this test be used to monitor response to treatment?

Yes, the T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test can be used to monitor the response to treatment in some cases. If a specific clonal rearrangement is identified at diagnosis, repeat testing during or after treatment can be used to assess whether the abnormal clone has been eliminated.

What is the difference between a T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test and a T-Cell Receptor Beta (TCRB) Gene Rearrangement test?

The T-Cell Gene Rearrangement test and the T-Cell Receptor Beta (TCRB) Gene Rearrangement test are essentially the same. They both detect rearrangements in the TCR genes, but the names are used interchangeably in different laboratories.

How often should this test be repeated?

The frequency of testing depends on the specific clinical scenario. In some cases, the test may be repeated to confirm the initial findings or to monitor the response to treatment. The decision to repeat the test should be made by the healthcare provider based on the patient's condition and response to therapy.

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