Microbiology deals with Identification of pathogenic microorganisms and antibiotic sensitivity testing.

It includes wide range of tests in bacteriology, parasitology, mycology, and mycobacteriology, using material such as sputum, fluid, stool, urine, blood and pus.Microbiology is concerned with the identification of harmful bacteria and the testing of antibiotic sensitivity. It comprises a wide range of tests in bacteriology, parasitology, mycology, and mycobacteriology that use sputum, fluid, faeces, urine, blood, and pus as samples.


Clinical microbiology is a medical field that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating infectious diseases. These diseases are caused by harmful microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. Modern medicine has made significant improvements in fighting infectious diseases through the use of antibiotics and vaccines, benefiting millions of people.

Common tests performed in Microbiology are:

  • 1

    Urine culture and sensitivity

  • 2

    Blood or Pus Culture and Sensitivity

  • 3

    Sputum for AFB

  • 4

    Gram stain

  • 5

    KOH Mount for fungal elements

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