Dengue Fever Panel (NS1 Ag, Dengue IgG & IgM Rapid; CBC)
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection that causes flu-like symptoms, including high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, rash, and mild bleeding. The Dengue Fever Panel combines several tests to aid in the diagnosis of dengue fever. This includes testing for the NS1 antigen, dengue IgG and IgM antibodies, and a complete blood count (CBC). The NS1 antigen is a protein produced by the dengue virus and can be detected in the blood within the first few days of infection. IgM antibodies are produced by the immune system a few days after infection and indicate a recent infection. IgG antibodies are produced later and can indicate a past infection or secondary dengue infection. The CBC evaluates the number and types of cells in the blood and can provide information on the severity and stage of the infection.
|Profile Name||Dengue Fever Panel (NS1 Ag, Dengue IgG & IgM Rapid; CBC)|
|Preparations Required||No specific preparation is required for this test.|
|Report Time||Refer Individual Test|
Why is the Dengue Fever Panel done?
The Dengue Fever Panel is performed to diagnose dengue fever and assess the severity of the infection. It is especially important for individuals exhibiting symptoms of dengue or those who have been in areas where dengue is endemic.
What does the Dengue Fever Panel include?
The panel includes tests for the dengue NS1 antigen, dengue IgG and IgM antibodies, and a complete blood count (CBC).
Home Sample Collection
How is the Dengue Fever Panel performed?
A healthcare professional will draw blood from a vein in your arm. The blood sample will then be sent to a laboratory where it will be tested for the NS1 antigen, IgG and IgM antibodies, and a complete blood count will be performed.
What do the results of the Dengue Fever Panel mean?
A positive NS1 antigen test suggests an active dengue infection. A positive IgM antibody result indicates a recent infection, while a positive IgG antibody result indicates a past or secondary infection. The CBC helps in assessing the severity and stage of the infection.
How can I prevent dengue fever?
Preventing mosquito bites is the key to preventing dengue fever. Use insect repellent, wear protective clothing, and eliminate standing water where mosquitoes can breed.
What treatment is available for dengue fever?
There is no specific antiviral treatment for dengue fever. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and includes rest, drinking fluids, and taking pain relievers such as acetaminophen. Avoid aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
What are the symptoms of dengue fever?
Symptoms include high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, rash, and mild bleeding, such as nosebleeds or bleeding gums.
What complications can arise from dengue fever?
In severe cases, dengue fever can progress to dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which can be life-threatening.
Are there any risks associated with the Dengue Fever Panel?
The risks are minimal and are similar to those of a regular blood draw, including slight pain or bruising at the needle site.
How reliable is the Dengue Fever Panel for diagnosing dengue fever?
The Dengue Fever Panel is considered to be a reliable method for the preliminary diagnosis of dengue fever, but further tests may be necessary for confirmation.
When is the best time to get tested for dengue fever?
The best time to get tested is when you have symptoms of dengue fever, especially if you have recently traveled to an area where the disease is common.
How long does it take to recover from dengue fever?
Most people recover within two to seven days, but it can take several weeks for all symptoms to resolve completely.
Can I be re-infected with dengue fever?
Yes, there are four different types of dengue virus. Infection with one type usually provides immunity to that type, but not to the others.
Which doctor should I consult if my Dengue Fever Panel results are abnormal?
Consult your primary care physician who might refer you to an infectious disease specialist if necessary.
Can dengue fever be fatal?
Yes, especially if it progresses to severe dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. Early detection and proper medical care are crucial to reducing risks.
The Dengue Fever Panel is an essential diagnostic tool for identifying and managing dengue fever. It combines tests that can detect an active infection and assess its severity. If you are experiencing symptoms of dengue fever or have been in an area where the disease is endemic, it's important to get tested. Early diagnosis and appropriate management are critical in preventing complications. Always consult a healthcare professional for advice on prevention and treatment of dengue fever.
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