Schedule Sickle Cell DNA PCR Test in Hyderabad

The Sickle Cell DNA PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) test is a molecular diagnostic test used to detect sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait. Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that affects the hemoglobin in red blood cells, causing them to become rigid and shaped like a "C" or sickle. This can lead to various health problems including painful episodes, anemia, and increased susceptibility to infections.

The PCR test works by amplifying a small sample of DNA to identify specific genetic sequences associated with the sickle cell mutation. It's a highly sensitive and specific test, making it an excellent tool for early diagnosis and carrier detection.

Test Name Sickle Cell DNA PCR
Sample Type Blood
Preparations Required No special preparation is needed for this test.
Report Time 5 Days
Price ₹ 3900

Why is a Sickle Cell DNA PCR test done?

This test is performed to detect the presence of the sickle cell gene mutation, either for the diagnosis of sickle cell disease in symptomatic individuals or for carrier screening in at-risk populations.

Do I need to fast before this test?

No, fasting is not required for this test.

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What does the test measure?

The test identifies specific genetic sequences in your DNA associated with the sickle cell mutation.

How often should I have this test?

This test is typically only performed once for diagnostic or carrier detection purposes. However, your doctor might recommend more frequent testing based on your specific circumstances.

What are the normal values for this test?

A negative result indicates the absence of the sickle cell mutation. A positive result indicates the presence of the mutation and may signify sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait, depending on other clinical and laboratory findings.

What precautions should I take before and after the test?

No specific precautions are required for this test. However, inform your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or supplements you are taking.

What are the modifiable factors affecting the test results?

There are no modifiable factors that affect the results of this test, as it examines a genetic characteristic.

What are the non-modifiable factors affecting the test results?

Non-modifiable factors include your genetic makeup, as the test is designed to detect a genetic mutation.

Who should I consult if my test results are abnormal?

You should consult your doctor if your test results are abnormal. They can help interpret the results and guide you on the next steps.

Does this test involve any risks?

The test involves a routine blood draw, which carries minimal risks, such as slight pain, bruising, or infection at the puncture site.

Can certain medical conditions affect the test results?

No. Since this test detects a genetic mutation, it is not affected by other medical conditions.

Can medications affect the test results?

No. This test examines your genetic makeup, and medications do not influence the results.

What does it mean if my test results are positive?

A positive result indicates the presence of the sickle cell mutation. This could mean you have sickle cell disease or the sickle cell trait, depending on other clinical findings.

Can I do anything to improve my test results?

Since the test results reflect your genetic makeup, there is nothing you can do to change them. However, if you are diagnosed with sickle cell disease, appropriate management can help control symptoms and prevent complications.

What are the potential treatments if my test results are positive?

Treatments for sickle cell disease may include pain relief medication, blood transfusions, and other therapies to manage symptoms. In some cases, a bone marrow transplant may be considered.

Are certain people more susceptible to positive test results?

Sickle cell disease predominantly affects people of African, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and Indian descent. Therefore, individuals from these ethnic backgrounds are more likely to test positive.

How can I prepare for this test?

No specific preparation is required for this test.

What does it mean if my test results remain consistently positive?

A consistently positive result indicates the presence of the sickle cell mutation. This is a lifelong condition as it is related to your genetic makeup.

How accurate is the Sickle Cell DNA PCR test?

The Sickle Cell DNA PCR test is highly accurate in detecting the sickle cell mutation when performed in a certified lab.

What other tests might my doctor order along with this?

Your doctor may order additional tests, such as complete blood count (CBC), hemoglobin electrophoresis, or imaging tests, to further assess your condition.

While a positive Sickle Cell DNA PCR test may be worrying, it's crucial to remember that many individuals with sickle cell trait live healthy lives, and those with sickle cell disease can manage their symptoms with appropriate care. Always consult with your doctor to understand your test results and create an appropriate management plan.

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