Protein Electrophoresis - CSF Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
Patient Preparing : No special preparation is required for this test. However, be sure to inform your healthcare provider about all medications and supplements you're taking as they may influence the test results.
Protein electrophoresis - CSF (Oligoclonal bands) is a laboratory test performed on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to detect inflammation or infections in the central nervous system (CNS). This test specifically looks for the presence of unique proteins called oligoclonal bands, which can help to diagnose certain neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), and differentiate them from other conditions with similar symptoms.
Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear, colorless body fluid that is found in the brain and spinal cord. It provides a protective cushion for the brain and carries waste products away from surrounding tissues. The presence of oligoclonal bands in CSF, but not in blood, is a strong indicator of inflammation within the CNS and can provide valuable diagnostic information for certain neurological diseases.
|Protein Electrophoresis - CSF (Oligoclonal Bands)
|No special preparation is required for this test. However, be sure to inform your healthcare provider about all medications and supplements you're taking as they may influence the test results.
|Price in Hyderabad
Why is this test done?
This test is primarily done when there is a suspicion of a neurological condition like multiple sclerosis, or to distinguish between different causes of inflammation in the nervous system.
How is this test performed?
The test requires a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is collected via a procedure called lumbar puncture or spinal tap.
Home Sample Collection
What do the results mean?
The presence of oligoclonal bands in the CSF but not in the blood is an indicator of inflammation in the central nervous system. This can suggest a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis or other neurological disorders.
How should I prepare for the test?
No special preparation is needed for this test. However, be sure to inform your healthcare provider about all medications and supplements you're taking as they may influence the test results.
Are there any risks associated with this test?
The main risks associated with this test come from the lumbar puncture procedure used to collect the CSF sample. These can include infection, bleeding, or discomfort at the site of the puncture.
What is the benefit of this test?
This test can provide valuable diagnostic information when there is a suspicion of a neurological disorder such as multiple sclerosis. It can help differentiate between multiple sclerosis and other conditions that cause similar symptoms.
Can I do this test at home?
No, this test requires a sample of cerebrospinal fluid which must be collected by a healthcare professional through a lumbar puncture procedure.
Can medications affect my test results?
Yes, certain medications can affect the results of this test. Be sure to tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking.
How accurate is this test?
This test is generally very accurate when performed in a competent laboratory. However, as with any test, there can be false-positive or false-negative results.
Can this test be used to monitor disease progression?
The presence of oligoclonal bands can be an indicator of disease activity in conditions like multiple sclerosis, but the test is typically used for diagnosis rather than monitoring.
What other tests might be ordered along with this one?
Your doctor might order other tests, such as MRI or other blood tests, to help diagnose or rule out certain neurological disorders.
What happens after the test?
After the test, your healthcare provider will review the results and discuss them with you. Based on the results, further diagnostic tests or treatment may be needed.
How is the test result interpreted?
A positive test result indicates the presence of oligoclonal bands in the CSF, which suggests inflammation in the central nervous system. A negative test result means that these bands were not detected.
Is this test painful?
The test itself is not painful, but the lumbar puncture procedure to collect the CSF can cause some discomfort.
Can other conditions cause abnormal test results?
Yes, while multiple sclerosis is a common cause of positive test results, other conditions such as infections or autoimmune diseases can also cause abnormal results.
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