Pneumocystis Jirovecii IFA Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
Patient Preparing : No specific preparation, dietary restrictions, or water consumption limits are needed for this test.
Pneumocystis Jirovecii, formerly known as Pneumocystis Carinii, is a type of yeast-like fungus, which can cause Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in people with weakened immune systems. The organism is widespread and can be found in the air; most people have been exposed to it by adulthood. However, it doesn't typically cause illness in people with healthy immune systems. In individuals with compromised immunity, such as those with HIV/AIDS or those receiving immunosuppressive therapy, the organism can cause severe respiratory illness.
The Pneumocystis Jirovecii detection by IFA (Immunofluorescence Assay) diagnostic test is a highly sensitive and specific method to identify this fungus. The test uses fluorescent dyes attached to antibodies specific for Pneumocystis Jirovecii. When these antibodies bind to the fungus in the sample, it lights up under a special microscope, indicating a positive result.
|Pneumocystis Jirovecii (P. Carinii) Detection by IFA Diagnostic Test
|Sputum, BAL or Respiratory fluids
|No specific preparation, dietary restrictions, or water consumption limits are needed for this test.
|Price in Hyderabad
Why is this test important?
This test is vital for diagnosing Pneumocystis pneumonia, especially in immunocompromised individuals. Early detection can lead to prompt treatment, improving the patient's prognosis.
Is fasting required for this test?
No, fasting is not required for this test.
Home Sample Collection
What specific preparation is needed for this test?
No special preparation is needed for this test.
When should one get this test?
One should get this test if they show symptoms of Pneumocystis pneumonia, such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath, especially if they have a weakened immune system.
What information does this test provide?
This test identifies the presence of Pneumocystis Jirovecii in the body, helping to diagnose Pneumocystis pneumonia.
How often should this test be done?
This test should be done whenever a healthcare provider suspects a Pneumocystis Jirovecii infection based on the patient's clinical condition and history.
What are the normal values for this test?
A healthy individual should not have Pneumocystis Jirovecii in their samples. The presence of P. Jirovecii indicates an infection.
What precautions should be taken when getting this test?
This test is generally safe. However, because it involves the collection of respiratory samples, patients might experience minor discomfort during the procedure.
What factors can affect the levels of Pneumocystis Jirovecii in the body?
Modifiable factors include the individual's immune status, which can be influenced by medications that suppress the immune system or by diseases like HIV/AIDS. Non-modifiable factors include age and genetics.
Which doctor should be consulted in case of an abnormal value?
In case of an abnormal value, one should consult an Infectious Disease Specialist or a Pulmonologist.
Can other medications affect the test result?
Yes, certain medications like antibiotics or antifungal drugs can affect the test result by reducing the amount of Pneumocystis Jirovecii in the body.
What treatment options are available if Pneumocystis Jirovecii is detected?
If Pneumocystis Jirovecii is detected, the most common treatment is a combination of the antibiotics trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). In case of an allergy or intolerance to TMP-SMX, other medications may be used.
The Pneumocystis Jirovecii detection by IFA diagnostic test provides an accurate method to identify this organism in individuals, especially those with a compromised immune system. Understanding the importance of this test, the preparation it entails, and the implications of the results can aid in timely diagnosis and effective treatment of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Always remember, it is crucial to discuss your test results with your healthcare provider to understand what they mean for your overall health.
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