Neonatal Screening (11 Conditions) - Test Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
Patient Preparing : No special preparation is required. The test is typically performed on a newborn baby 24-48 hours after birth, or before leaving the hospital.
Neonatal screening refers to the practice of testing newborn babies for certain harmful or potentially fatal disorders that aren't otherwise apparent at birth. It's an essential health strategy that allows for the early identification and management of several inherited conditions, reducing morbidity and mortality. This comprehensive neonatal screening tests for 11 conditions: Congenital Hypothyroidism, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, G6PD deficiency, Cystic Fibrosis, Phenylketonuria, Galactosemia, Biotinidase deficiency, Sickle Cell Disease, Sickle Cell Trait, Hemoglobin variants, and Beta Thalassemia.
The test utilizes a small blood sample collected from a heel prick. The blood sample is then applied to specific areas on a special card, creating dried blood spots (DBS), which can be analyzed in a laboratory for these specific disorders. While the presence of these conditions is rare, early detection can make a significant difference in a child's life, allowing for timely intervention and treatment.
|Neonatal Screening - 11 Conditions
|No special preparation is required. The test is typically performed on a newborn baby 24-48 hours after birth, or before leaving the hospital.
|Price in Hyderabad
Why is neonatal screening necessary?
Neonatal screening helps detect certain metabolic and genetic disorders that may not be apparent at birth. Early detection and treatment of these disorders can prevent severe health problems, including developmental issues, growth problems, and even death.
What disorders does this screening test for?
This screening tests for 11 conditions: Congenital Hypothyroidism, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, G6PD deficiency, Cystic Fibrosis, Phenylketonuria, Galactosemia, Biotinidase deficiency, Sickle Cell Disease, Sickle Cell Trait, Hemoglobin variants, and Beta Thalassemia.
Home Sample Collection
How is the test performed?
A small blood sample is collected from a heel prick on the newborn. The blood is then applied to a special card to create dried blood spots, which are sent to a lab for analysis.
When is the test performed?
The test is usually performed 24-48 hours after birth, or before the baby leaves the hospital. In some cases, a repeat test may be required.
Are there any risks associated with the test?
The test involves a small prick on the baby's heel, which may cause momentary discomfort. However, the benefits of early detection far outweigh this minor discomfort.
What happens if my baby tests positive?
If your baby tests positive, further diagnostic tests will be performed to confirm the diagnosis. If confirmed, appropriate treatment will be initiated promptly.
Can these disorders be treated?
Yes, most of these disorders can be managed with appropriate treatment, including medication, diet modification, and in some cases, surgery. Early detection is crucial for successful management and to prevent complications.
What is the accuracy of the test?
The neonatal screening test is highly sensitive and specific, but no test is 100% accurate. There may be false positives or false negatives. A positive result will always be confirmed with additional testing.
Is neonatal screening mandatory?
While the regulations vary by country, most health organizations highly recommend neonatal screening due to its potential to prevent serious health problems.
What happens if the test is not done?
Without the test, these disorders may go undetected until symptoms appear. This could lead to delayed treatment and potential complications, including physical and mental disabilities, growth problems, and in severe cases, death.
What does a negative result mean?
A negative result means that the tested disorders were not detected in your baby's blood sample. However, it does not guarantee the baby will not develop other conditions or diseases in the future.
Is the test painful for the baby?
The heel prick may cause temporary discomfort for the baby, but it is generally well-tolerated.
How long does it take to get the results?
Typically, the results are available within 5-7 days after the sample is received in the lab.
Can this test be performed at home?
The blood sample collection for the neonatal screening test is usually performed at the hospital. However, the heel prick can be done at home by a trained healthcare professional, if necessary.
What factors can affect the test results?
Factors such as the baby's age at the time of the test, the baby's health status, and the quality of the collected sample can affect the test results.
How often should the test be done?
The test is usually done once shortly after birth. However, in some cases, if the initial test was done too soon after birth or the results were inconclusive, the test may need to be repeated.
What should I do after receiving the test results?
You should discuss the test results with your healthcare provider, who will guide you on the next steps. If your baby tests positive for any condition, further diagnostic testing will be recommended.
What are the benefits of neonatal screening?
Neonatal screening can help detect certain disorders early, before symptoms appear. This can enable timely treatment, potentially preventing serious health problems and improving the baby's quality of life.
What should I do if I have more questions?
If you have more questions, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider, who can provide you with detailed information based on your baby's health and needs.
Are all newborns tested, or only those at risk?
All newborns are recommended to undergo this screening regardless of their perceived risk status since many of these conditions can present in families with no prior history.
How can I prepare my baby for the test?
No special preparation is needed for this test. It's essential to keep your baby comfortable and calm during the procedure.
What is the reliability of the test for each condition?
The test is highly reliable, but the sensitivity and specificity can vary slightly between conditions. Any positive findings will be followed by confirmatory testing.
Is the test covered by insurance?
Coverage for neonatal screening varies between insurance providers and plans. It is advisable to check with your insurance provider for specifics.
How can these disorders impact my baby's life?
If left undetected and untreated, these conditions can lead to serious health issues including physical and mental developmental delays, failure to thrive, and even life-threatening crises. Early detection and treatment can significantly improve the prognosis and quality of life for a baby.
Can a repeat test be done?
Yes, if the results of the initial test are inconclusive, or the baby was tested too soon after birth, a repeat test may be recommended.
Can the test detect carrier status?
This screening is designed to identify babies who are affected by these conditions. Some of these conditions are inherited in a way that individuals can be carriers without showing symptoms. Carrier testing is a different type of genetic testing.
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