Lab Test

Mumps IgG Antibody - Serum- Quantitative

Mumps is a highly contagious disease caused by the mumps virus. It typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite, followed by swollen salivary glands. The Mumps IgG Antibody - Serum- Quantitative test is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of mumps infection.

This test is used to detect antibodies in the blood that are produced by the immune system in response to a mumps infection. Specifically, this test measures the amount (or quantity) of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies, which remain in the system long after the infection has resolved, providing long-term resistance to the disease.

  • Profile Name: Mumps IgG Antibody - Serum- Quantitative
  • Sample Type: Blood
  • Preparations Required: No special preparation is needed for this test.
  • Report Time: 6 hours

In some cases, this test may be ordered to check if a person has gained immunity against the mumps virus either through vaccination or a past infection. This is particularly important for individuals who are at high risk of infection, such as healthcare workers, international travelers, and people with weakened immune systems.

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Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

The test is generally done to confirm if you have had a recent or past mumps infection, or to check if you are immune to the disease, which could be important if you are at high risk of mumps infection.

While both tests are used to detect the presence of mumps antibodies in the blood, the quantitative test measures the specific amount of antibodies, providing more detailed information.

The test requires a simple blood draw, typically from a vein in your arm. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis.

Usually, the results are available within 1-2 days, but this can vary between laboratories.

A high level of IgG antibodies typically indicates a past mumps infection or successful vaccination. A low level may indicate that you are not immune to mumps and could become infected.

Yes, there are no dietary restrictions for this test. You can eat and drink normally before the test.

The blood sample collection for this test should be done by a healthcare professional and requires a visit to a clinic or a laboratory.

People who haven't been vaccinated against mumps, international travelers, healthcare workers, and those with weakened immune systems are at higher risk.

Yes, the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine can be given to adults and children who are not immune to mumps.

While mumps is typically mild, in rare cases it can lead to complications such as meningitis, encephalitis, orchitis, oophoritis, and hearing loss.

Mumps is spread through direct contact with saliva or respiratory droplets from an infected person. It can be spread by coughing, sneezing, sharing items, such as cups or eating utensils, and touching objects or surfaces with unwashed hands that are then touched by others.

It's rare but possible. Once you've had mumps, your body usually builds up immunity to the virus, so it's unlikely you'll get it again. But not everyone's immune system makes a strong response to the mumps infection, and these people can potentially get mumps again.

The MMR vaccine is very safe and most side effects are mild and short-lived. Common side effects include fever, mild rash, and swelling of glands in the cheek or neck.

Yes, the MMR vaccine is highly effective at preventing mumps. Two doses of the vaccine provide about 88% protection.

The mumps vaccine is not recommended during pregnancy. Women who are planning to become pregnant should ensure they are immune to mumps before they conceive.

The best way to prevent mumps is to get vaccinated. Besides vaccination, avoid close contact with people who have mumps, don't share utensils or other items with them, and practice good hygiene habits like washing your hands regularly and not touching your face.

Generally, this test cannot differentiate between immunity from vaccination and a past mumps infection. Both situations lead to the production of mumps IgG antibodies, which the test detects.

It's thought that the immunity gained from having mumps or from the mumps component of the MMR vaccine is generally life-long. However, the strength of immunity can sometimes wane over time.

Yes, there's no harm in receiving the mumps vaccine if you're already immune. The vaccine won't boost your immunity, but it also won't cause any harm.

There is no specific antiviral treatment for mumps. Treatment aims to relieve symptoms and includes rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medications to reduce pain and fever. If complications occur, additional treatments may be required.

If your test results show that you're not immune to mumps, you should consider getting vaccinated, especially if you're in a high-risk group. Consult with your healthcare provider for advice based on your specific circumstances.

The MMR vaccine is very effective but not 100% foolproof. It's possible, although quite rare, to get mumps even after vaccination. This is why it's important to maintain high vaccination rates in communities to reduce the spread of the disease.

If you've been exposed to someone with mumps, contact your healthcare provider as soon as possible. They may recommend that you receive a dose of the MMR vaccine if you haven't been fully vaccinated, or monitor you for signs and symptoms of mumps.

The MMR vaccine, which prevents mumps, contains a small amount of gelatin. If you have a severe, life-threatening allergy to gelatin, you should not get the MMR vaccine. Talk to your doctor about your allergy and any potential alternatives.

No, vaccines do not cause autism. Numerous studies have shown that there is no link between receiving vaccines and developing autism. The idea that vaccines might cause autism is based on a now-debunked study from 1998 that used false data and was conducted with serious methodological flaws. The doctor who led the study lost his medical license as a result.

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