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Lab Test

Mucopolysaccharides (MPS) Screen Qualitative - Urine

Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of metabolic disorders caused by the absence or malfunctioning of lysosomal enzymes needed to break down molecules called glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). These complex carbohydrates are also known as mucopolysaccharides. Individuals with MPS are unable to properly break down these molecules, leading to a build-up in various body tissues and organs, which can affect their appearance, physical abilities, organ and system functioning, and, in most cases, cognitive development.

  • Profile Name: Mucopolysaccharides (MPS) Screen Qualitative - Urine
  • Sample Type: Urine
  • Preparations Required: No specific instructions are needed for this test. It is advised to continue your normal diet and medications unless your healthcare provider instructs otherwise.
  • Report Time: 2 Days

The Mucopolysaccharides (MPS) Screen Qualitative test is a urine test used to detect and evaluate the presence and types of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the urine. These are substances that are produced and eliminated by the body continually. The test helps diagnose various forms of MPS disorders, including Hurler, Hunter, Sanfilippo, Morquio, Maroteaux-Lamy, and Sly syndromes.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

MPS are a group of genetic disorders that result from the deficiency of specific enzymes responsible for the breakdown of glycosaminoglycans, leading to their accumulation in the body. This can result in a range of physical symptoms and health problems.

Individuals showing signs and symptoms of MPS disorders, like skeletal abnormalities, growth delays, coarse facial features, vision and hearing problems, heart and lung issues, and mental development delays, should consider getting this test.

The test requires a urine sample. The sample is then analyzed in the lab to detect and evaluate the presence and types of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs).

Treatment options for MPS disorders vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Therapies may include enzyme replacement therapy, bone marrow transplant, and symptomatic treatment to manage the symptoms.

The impact of MPS disorders on a person's life can vary widely, depending on the type of MPS and the severity of symptoms. Some people may have mild symptoms, while others may experience severe physical disabilities, organ damage, and cognitive impairment.

A positive result means that GAGs have been detected in the urine, suggesting a possible MPS disorder. Further testing will be needed to confirm the diagnosis and identify the specific type of MPS.

Yes, MPS disorders are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, meaning both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations for the disorder to occur.

As MPS disorders are genetic conditions, they cannot be prevented. However, with genetic testing, it's possible to identify carriers of the defective gene and provide them with genetic counseling.

MPS disorders are rare, affecting approximately 1 in 25,000 to 1 in 100,000 individuals, depending on the specific type of MPS.

Yes, certain types of MPS disorders can affect cognitive development, leading to intellectual disability in some cases.

As of now, there is no known cure for MPS disorders. However, treatments can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

The test is used to detect MPS disorders, enabling early diagnosis and treatment, which can significantly improve a patient's prognosis and quality of life.

No special preparation is required for this test.

If left untreated, MPS disorders can lead to serious complications, including organ damage, physical disabilities, and in some cases, early death.

Yes, prenatal testing and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) can be done if there is a known mutation in the family. It is advisable to discuss this with a genetic counselor or healthcare provider.

Symptoms can vary widely between different types of MPS and among individuals with the same type. Common signs and symptoms can include growth delay, joint stiffness and skeletal abnormalities, coarse facial features, vision and hearing problems, heart and lung complications, and, in some cases, mental retardation.

GAGs are long chains of sugar molecules used in the construction of connective tissues in the body. When the body cannot properly break down these molecules due to an MPS disorder, they build up in cells and can cause damage over time.

MPS disorders can affect individuals of any sex or ethnicity. However, Hunter syndrome, one type of MPS disorder, is an X-linked recessive condition, meaning it generally occurs in males.

While living with an MPS disorder can present many challenges, advancements in therapy and care can often enable individuals with MPS disorders to lead fulfilling lives. The impact of the disorder will depend on the severity and specific type of MPS.

MPS disorders typically present symptoms in early childhood. However, in milder forms of the disorder, symptoms may be less severe or not appear until later in life, which could potentially delay diagnosis. Regular check-ups and keeping the healthcare provider informed about any physical or developmental concerns can aid in early detection and management.

Education is key when dealing with any chronic disorder. Learn about the specific type of MPS disorder affecting your loved one, understand the potential challenges, and explore the available treatment options. Providing emotional support and advocating for them can also make a significant difference in their quality of life. It's also beneficial to connect with support groups or organizations dedicated to MPS disorders for additional resources and guidance.

Yes, research into MPS disorders is ongoing, with scientists actively studying the genetics and biology of these conditions, as well as developing and testing new treatments, including enzyme replacement therapies, gene therapies, and others. This research provides hope for better treatments and potentially a cure in the future.

The long-term effects of MPS disorders can include physical disability due to skeletal abnormalities and joint problems, organ damage, heart and lung complications, vision and hearing loss, and cognitive impairment in some types. The severity of these effects varies widely among individuals with MPS disorders.

Lifestyle changes can support overall health and well-being, but they cannot stop the progression of MPS disorders. However, a healthy diet, regular physical activity (as tolerated), and other positive lifestyle choices can help manage some symptoms and improve quality of life. It's essential to discuss any lifestyle changes with your healthcare provider to ensure they are safe and appropriate.

If an MPS disorder is suspected based on the MPS screen qualitative test and clinical symptoms, more specific enzyme assays or genetic tests may be performed to identify the exact type of MPS. Your healthcare provider will guide you on the appropriate tests based on your or your child's symptoms and medical history.

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