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Legionella Pneumophila is a bacterium that causes a severe form of pneumonia known as Legionnaires' disease. Additionally, it can cause a milder condition called Pontiac fever. Legionella Pneumophila IgM is a blood test used to detect the presence of Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies against the Legionella Pneumophila bacteria. The presence of IgM antibodies usually indicates a recent infection as these antibodies are produced early in the infection. This test is crucial in the diagnosis and management of Legionnaires' disease.

The bacteria inhabit both natural and man-made water systems. They are commonly found in hot water tanks, cooling towers, and fountains. People can get infected by inhaling small droplets of water that contain the bacteria. However, Legionnaires’ disease does not spread from person to person.

  • Test Namelegionella-pneumophila-igm
  • Sample TypeSerum
  • Preparations RequiredNo specific preparation is required for this test.
  • Report Time2 Days

What is the Legionella Pneumophila IgM test?

This test detects the presence of Immunoglobulin M antibodies against Legionella Pneumophila in the blood, suggesting a recent or ongoing infection.

What are the symptoms of Legionnaires' disease?

Symptoms include high fever, chills, cough, muscle aches, headaches, and shortness of breath.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
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Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

A blood sample is taken from a vein in the arm, which is then sent to the lab for analysis.

IgM antibodies are the first antibodies to be produced in response to an infection. The presence of these antibodies usually indicates a recent infection.

Individuals exhibiting symptoms of pneumonia, particularly those who have been exposed to a likely source of Legionella bacteria, such as cooling towers or hot tubs, should consider this test.

Antibiotics are used to treat Legionnaires’ disease. It is essential to start treatment as soon as possible to prevent complications.

The risk of Legionnaires' disease can be reduced by proper maintenance of water systems, ensuring that water is stored and circulated at the right temperatures and treated to control the growth of bacteria.

If the test is positive, it is important to consult your doctor to discuss the results and determine the best course of action for treatment.

No, Legionnaires’ disease does not spread from person to person. The infection occurs by inhaling contaminated water droplets.

IgM antibodies are produced early in an infection, indicating a recent or ongoing infection. In contrast, IgG antibodies develop later and can indicate past exposure or infection.

Yes, older adults, smokers, people with weakened immune systems, and those with chronic lung disease are more susceptible to Legionnaires’ disease.

Legionnaires’ disease can be very serious and even fatal, particularly if not treated quickly. It can lead to respiratory failure, septic shock, or acute kidney failure.

Potential complications include lung failure, kidney failure, septic shock, or even death.

Avoid hot tubs, decorative fountains, or other water sources that are likely to harbor the bacteria, especially if you have a weakened immune system or chronic lung disease.

As with any medication, antibiotics used to treat Legionnaires' disease can have side effects, such as nausea, diarrhea, or allergic reactions. It is important to discuss any concerns with your doctor.

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