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LDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase) - Ascitic Fluid

Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is an enzyme found in many body tissues, including the liver, heart, muscles, kidneys, blood cells, and lungs. LDH plays a crucial role in converting lactate to pyruvate, a process that produces energy for cells. When cells are damaged or destroyed, LDH is released into the fluid that surrounds them. In this test, the LDH levels in the ascitic fluid, the fluid in the abdomen, are measured. This can provide important information about the health of the abdominal organs and help in the diagnosis of several conditions, including infections, malignancies, or liver diseases.

  • Test NameLDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase) - Ascitic Fluid
  • Sample TypeAscitic Fluid
  • Preparations RequiredThere are no specific instructions required for the test.
  • Report Time4 hours

What is LDH?

dehydrogenase (LDH) is an enzyme present in many tissues throughout the body. It is involved in energy production within cells by helping to convert lactate into pyruvate.

Why is LDH measured in ascitic fluid?

Measuring LDH in ascitic fluid can help diagnose and monitor various conditions that affect the abdomen. High levels may indicate infection, inflammation, malignancy, or liver disease. It is also used to differentiate between exudative (high protein content) and transudative (low protein content) ascites.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The test is performed on a sample of ascitic fluid, which is typically obtained through a procedure called paracentesis. During paracentesis, a needle is inserted into the abdomen to collect fluid.

High levels of LDH in ascitic fluid can indicate infection, malignancy, or liver disease. The interpretation of the results should be done in conjunction with other tests and clinical evaluation by a doctor.

The primary risks are associated with the paracentesis procedure, such as infection or injury to an internal organ. The risks are generally low when the procedure is performed by an experienced healthcare professional.

There is typically no special preparation needed for the LDH test. However, your doctor will provide specific instructions if necessary, especially regarding the paracentesis procedure.

Yes, some medications can affect LDH levels. It is essential to inform your doctor of any medications you are taking.

Other tests that might be done along with LDH include total protein, albumin, glucose, and cell counts in the ascitic fluid.

The frequency of this test depends on the underlying condition and your doctor's recommendations.

Infections, malignancies, liver diseases, and certain medications can affect LDH levels in ascitic fluid.

LDH helps in the conversion of lactate to pyruvate, an essential process for producing energy in cells.

Ascites is the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, often due to liver disease or malignancy.

LDH in blood reflects general cell damage or destruction, while LDH in ascitic fluid specifically helps evaluate the condition of the abdominal cavity and organs.

Normal values can vary among different labs. It's important to discuss your results with your doctor to understand what they mean in your particular case.

If you have abnormal LDH levels in ascitic fluid, it is recommended to consult a gastroenterologist or hepatologist.

In summary, LDH in ascitic fluid is an essential test that provides information about the condition of the abdominal organs. It is used primarily in the differential diagnosis of ascites and can indicate various conditions, including infection, malignancy, or liver disease. Like any medical test, it is important to discuss the results with your doctor who can guide you on further steps based on the findings.

LDH (Lactate Dehyderogenase) - Ascitic fluid
₹ 380
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