Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum Test, Price, Normal Range - Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Patient Preparing : No fasting is required for this test. No restrictions on water consumption.

₹ 2850

The Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum test measures the levels of kappa free light chains in your blood. Light chains are proteins produced by plasma cells, a type of white blood cell, that form part of antibodies. Typically, light chains exist in two forms – kappa and lambda, and they can be either bound to other proteins to form antibodies or can be "free."

In normal circumstances, the body maintains a balance of kappa and lambda light chains. Disruption of this balance can suggest various health issues, particularly those related to the immune system or kidneys. This test is commonly used as a part of the diagnostic process for conditions like multiple myeloma, lymphoma, or amyloidosis.

The understanding of what the Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum test is, why it is done, and what the results mean can be further enhanced by answering some frequently asked questions.

Test Name Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum
Sample Type Blood
Preparations Required No fasting is required for this test. No restrictions on water consumption.
Report Time 4 hours
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 2850

Why is the Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum test done?

The test is done to monitor conditions that cause an overproduction of free light chains, such as multiple myeloma, a type of bone marrow cancer. It may also be used to assess kidney function as the kidney filters these proteins out of the blood.

What preparation is required for the test?

No specific preparation is required for this test. No fasting or water restrictions are needed.

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When should I get this test?

This test is usually ordered when a doctor suspects a plasma cell disorder like multiple myeloma or a kidney disease. If you have symptoms like bone pain, fatigue, or frequent infections, this test may be ordered.

What does the test measure?

The test measures the level of kappa light chains, one type of the two light chains in the blood, that are not attached to other proteins (free).

How often should I get tested?

The frequency of the test would depend on your health condition. If you are undergoing treatment for a plasma cell disorder, your doctor might order this test regularly to monitor your progress.

What are the normal values?

The normal values can vary depending on the laboratory. However, generally, the kappa free light chains are within the range of 3.3 to 19.4 mg/L.

What precautions should I take?

You should inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you are taking as they may affect the test results.

What factors can affect the levels of kappa light chains?

Factors that can affect the levels include the presence of plasma cell disorders, kidney diseases, autoimmune diseases, or certain types of cancer.

Which doctor should I consult in case of abnormal values?

If the test results show abnormal values, you should consult a hematologist or an oncologist who specializes in blood disorders or cancers, respectively.

Can other factors affect the test results?

Yes, factors like age, sex, and overall health can affect the test results. Furthermore, certain medications and supplements can also affect the results.

What are kappa free light chains?

Kappa free light chains are a component of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells. They can exist in a bound form as a part of complete antibodies or in a free form not attached to other proteins.

What do abnormal kappa light chain levels indicate?

An abnormal kappa light chain level could indicate the presence of a disorder that affects plasma cells, such as multiple myeloma or lymphoma. It could also signify a kidney disorder since kidneys are responsible for filtering light chains from the blood.

Can I undergo this test during pregnancy?

Yes, this test can be done during pregnancy if your doctor feels it's necessary. However, it is always essential to inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, as some conditions can affect the results.

What happens if my kappa free light chains are too high?

Elevated levels of kappa free light chains could suggest an overproduction of these proteins, typically seen in conditions like multiple myeloma or some kidney diseases. If your test results show high kappa light chains, your healthcare provider will likely conduct further investigations to determine the cause.

Can this test be used to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for conditions like multiple myeloma?

Yes, doctors often use this test to monitor the progression of diseases like multiple myeloma and to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment. Regular testing can provide your doctor with valuable information about your response to treatment.

The Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum test can play an essential role in diagnosing and managing conditions associated with the immune system and kidneys. Abnormal levels can indicate an issue with the production of these proteins or the body's ability to filter them out. If you have this test and your results are outside the normal range, it's crucial to discuss the results with your healthcare provider, who can guide you on the next steps to take in managing your health.

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