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Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum

The Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum test measures the levels of kappa free light chains in your blood. Light chains are proteins produced by plasma cells, a type of white blood cell, that form part of antibodies. Typically, light chains exist in two forms – kappa and lambda, and they can be either bound to other proteins to form antibodies or can be "free."

  • Test NameKappa Light Chain Free - Serum
  • Sample TypeBlood
  • Preparations RequiredNo fasting is required for this test. No restrictions on water consumption.
  • Report Time4 hours

In normal circumstances, the body maintains a balance of kappa and lambda light chains. Disruption of this balance can suggest various health issues, particularly those related to the immune system or kidneys. This test is commonly used as a part of the diagnostic process for conditions like multiple myeloma, lymphoma, or amyloidosis.

The understanding of what the Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum test is, why it is done, and what the results mean can be further enhanced by answering some frequently asked questions.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The test is done to monitor conditions that cause an overproduction of free light chains, such as multiple myeloma, a type of bone marrow cancer. It may also be used to assess kidney function as the kidney filters these proteins out of the blood.

No specific preparation is required for this test. No fasting or water restrictions are needed.

This test is usually ordered when a doctor suspects a plasma cell disorder like multiple myeloma or a kidney disease. If you have symptoms like bone pain, fatigue, or frequent infections, this test may be ordered.

The test measures the level of kappa light chains, one type of the two light chains in the blood, that are not attached to other proteins (free).

The frequency of the test would depend on your health condition. If you are undergoing treatment for a plasma cell disorder, your doctor might order this test regularly to monitor your progress.

The normal values can vary depending on the laboratory. However, generally, the kappa free light chains are within the range of 3.3 to 19.4 mg/L.

You should inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you are taking as they may affect the test results.

Factors that can affect the levels include the presence of plasma cell disorders, kidney diseases, autoimmune diseases, or certain types of cancer.

If the test results show abnormal values, you should consult a hematologist or an oncologist who specializes in blood disorders or cancers, respectively.

Yes, factors like age, sex, and overall health can affect the test results. Furthermore, certain medications and supplements can also affect the results.

Kappa free light chains are a component of immunoglobulins produced by plasma cells. They can exist in a bound form as a part of complete antibodies or in a free form not attached to other proteins.

An abnormal kappa light chain level could indicate the presence of a disorder that affects plasma cells, such as multiple myeloma or lymphoma. It could also signify a kidney disorder since kidneys are responsible for filtering light chains from the blood.

Yes, this test can be done during pregnancy if your doctor feels it's necessary. However, it is always essential to inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, as some conditions can affect the results.

Elevated levels of kappa free light chains could suggest an overproduction of these proteins, typically seen in conditions like multiple myeloma or some kidney diseases. If your test results show high kappa light chains, your healthcare provider will likely conduct further investigations to determine the cause.

Yes, doctors often use this test to monitor the progression of diseases like multiple myeloma and to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment. Regular testing can provide your doctor with valuable information about your response to treatment.

The Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum test can play an essential role in diagnosing and managing conditions associated with the immune system and kidneys. Abnormal levels can indicate an issue with the production of these proteins or the body's ability to filter them out. If you have this test and your results are outside the normal range, it's crucial to discuss the results with your healthcare provider, who can guide you on the next steps to take in managing your health.

Kappa Light Chain Free - Serum
₹ 2850
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  • 3KM from Madhura Nagar
  • 5KM from Shaikpet