IHC - PSA Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Patient Preparing : No special preparation is required before this test. Patients can maintain their regular diet and continue with their prescribed medications.

₹ 2000

The IHC - PSA (Prostatic Specific Antigen) Diagnostic Test is a fundamental investigation performed predominantly in the field of Urology. It is a critical tool used for the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer, the second most common cancer in men. This test uses a technique called immunohistochemistry (IHC) to detect the presence of Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) in a tissue sample, generally obtained through a biopsy.

PSA is a protein produced by both normal and malignant cells in the prostate gland. An elevated level of PSA can be an indication of prostate cancer, though it can also be raised due to benign conditions like prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate) or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.

Test Name IHC - PSA (Prostatic Specific Antigen)
Sample Type Tissue Biopsy
Preparations Required No special preparation is required before this test. Patients can maintain their regular diet and continue with their prescribed medications.
Report Time 3 days
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 2000

Why is the IHC - PSA Diagnostic Test significant?

The IHC-PSA test plays a crucial role in detecting prostate cancer. A positive result can provide physicians with vital information to diagnose and determine the best therapeutic approach.

Is fasting necessary before this test?

No, fasting is not required for the IHC - PSA test as it uses tissue samples, not blood.

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When should this test be done?

This test is typically recommended if a patient presents symptoms of prostate cancer or if a physical exam or initial blood test raises concerns.

What information does the test provide?

The test identifies the presence of PSA protein in tissue samples. Higher levels may suggest prostate cancer, but other non-cancerous conditions can also cause elevated PSA levels.

How frequently should this test be done?

The frequency of this test depends on the individual's risk factors for prostate cancer, such as age, family history, and race, as well as the result of initial screening tests. Your healthcare provider will provide guidance based on your specific situation.

What are the normal values for this test?

The test is performed on tissue, so there's no absolute 'normal' value. Results will vary and should be interpreted by your healthcare provider considering other diagnostic findings.

What precautions should I take before the test?

No specific preparations are necessary for this test. You should continue your regular diet and medications unless otherwise directed by your healthcare provider.

What factors could affect PSA levels?

Age, prostate volume, ethnicity, family history, and certain medications can influence PSA levels. Infections and medical procedures can also temporarily increase PSA levels.

What if my test results are abnormal?

Abnormal results should be discussed with your urologist or the healthcare provider who ordered the test to understand what they mean and to discuss the appropriate next steps.

Are there any risks associated with this test?

The risks are mainly related to the biopsy procedure used to obtain the tissue sample, which can cause discomfort, bleeding, or infection.

Can medications affect the test result?

Yes, certain medications, including those for urinary symptoms or to control hair loss, can lower PSA levels.

Can the test conclusively diagnose prostate cancer?

No, the IHC - PSA test is used as a part of the diagnostic process. If PSA levels are high, further investigations, such as a biopsy, are often needed to confirm the presence of cancer.

What happens if the test result is positive?

A positive result means that the PSA protein is present in the tissue sample. This can be an indication of prostate cancer, but it can also signify benign conditions. Your healthcare provider will interpret these results in the context of your overall clinical picture.

Are other tests typically performed alongside this one?

Yes, a digital rectal examination (DRE), a standard blood test for PSA, and often a prostate biopsy are part of the comprehensive diagnostic process.

Who carries out the IHC - PSA test?

The test is performed by a pathologist in a laboratory setting.

Is this test recommended for women?

No, the IHC - PSA test is specific to the prostate gland, which is only present in men.

Can this test be used for conditions other than prostate cancer?

While the primary use of the IHC - PSA test is for the detection and monitoring of prostate cancer, it may be utilized in certain cases to investigate other prostate conditions like prostatitis or benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Can lifestyle changes affect the test results?

Lifestyle changes like diet, exercise, and reducing stress can improve overall health but do not directly influence the PSA levels, which are inherent to the prostate cells.

Is the IHC - PSA test painful?

The test itself is not painful. However, the biopsy procedure used to collect the tissue sample may cause some discomfort.

Can the IHC - PSA test predict how well I will respond to treatment?

The IHC - PSA test is more often used for diagnosis rather than predicting treatment response. However, following PSA levels over time can give some indication of how well treatment is working. In the realm of diagnosing and managing prostate cancer, the IHC - PSA (Prostatic Specific Antigen) Diagnostic Test is a vital tool. It is crucial to discuss the results with your healthcare provider to understand their implications. By doing so, you and your doctor can collaborate to devise the best possible course of action based on your unique health situation.

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