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IHC - EP CAM Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) testing, such as the EP CAM IHC test, is a crucial tool in pathology and medical diagnostics. These tests employ antibodies to identify specific proteins within tissue samples, aiding in the diagnosis and classification of various diseases, including cancers.

EP CAM, or Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule, is a type of glycoprotein that is present on the surface of most epithelial cells and is involved in cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. The EP CAM IHC test is primarily used to identify and differentiate cancers of epithelial origin. By detecting the presence and distribution of the EP CAM protein in a tissue sample, the test can provide valuable diagnostic information about the nature of a tumor, including its origin and potential aggressiveness.

  • Test Name: IHC - EP CAM
  • Sample Type: Blood
  • Preparations Required: No fasting required. No water restriction.
  • Report Time: 3 days

Home Sample Collection Process
1
Book your convenient slot
Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
Download Reports
Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

The EP CAM IHC test is an immunohistochemistry test that detects the presence and distribution of the EP CAM protein in a tissue sample. It's primarily used to identify and differentiate cancers of epithelial origin.

The EP CAM IHC test is a valuable diagnostic tool for identifying cancers that originate from epithelial cells. By pinpointing the presence and distribution of the EP CAM protein, the test can provide insights about the nature and potential aggressiveness of the tumor, aiding in diagnosis and treatment planning.

No, fasting is not required for the EP CAM IHC test.

The EP CAM IHC test requires a tissue biopsy, typically obtained via surgery or a needle procedure.

The EP CAM IHC test is generally recommended when there's a need to identify or differentiate cancers of epithelial origin. This need may arise when other diagnostic tests, such as a physical exam or imaging studies, indicate the presence of a tumor.

The EP CAM IHC test measures the presence and distribution of the EP CAM protein within a tissue sample. A positive result indicates that the cells in the sample express the EP CAM protein, suggesting an epithelial origin for the cells or tumor.

The frequency of testing depends on various factors, including your doctor's recommendations based on your overall health and risk factors. It's generally performed as a part of the diagnostic process when there is a suspected malignancy of epithelial origin.

The "normal" values can vary, as the presence of the EP CAM protein may indicate an epithelial origin for a tumor. Therefore, interpreting the results should be done in conjunction with other diagnostic tests and clinical information.

There are no specific precautions required for the EP CAM IHC test itself. However, since the test requires a tissue biopsy, certain precautions related to the biopsy procedure, such as avoiding certain medications that can increase bleeding risk, might be needed.

Various factors can affect the levels of EP CAM in a tissue sample. These can include the type and stage of cancer, the patient's overall health, and the presence of any other diseases or conditions.

In case of abnormal results, a consultation with a specialist, such as an oncologist, should be arranged. The specialist will interpret the results in the context of your overall health and other diagnostic tests to devise an appropriate treatment plan.

There are no specific preparations required for the EP CAM IHC test itself. However, preparations for the biopsy procedure, such as fasting or avoiding certain medications, may be required based on the instructions of your healthcare provider.

The EP CAM IHC test itself carries no specific risks. However, there may be risks associated with the biopsy procedure used to obtain the tissue sample, such as bleeding, infection, or discomfort.

While the EP CAM IHC test can suggest the presence of a tumor of epithelial origin, it is not solely used to differentiate between benign and malignant tumors. This distinction usually requires additional diagnostic information.

Abnormal results may indicate the presence of a tumor of epithelial origin. If the EP CAM IHC test results are abnormal, additional tests may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis and guide treatment planning.

Yes, the presence of certain conditions, such as non-cancerous growths or inflammations, can affect the results of the EP CAM IHC test. It's therefore crucial to provide your healthcare provider with a comprehensive medical history.

The EP CAM IHC test is a highly reliable tool when used in conjunction with other diagnostic procedures and tests. However, its accuracy also depends on several factors including the quality of the tissue sample, the specific laboratory procedures used, and the interpretation of the results by experienced pathologists.

While the primary use of the EP CAM IHC test is in the field of oncology, it can also be employed in research or other medical fields to study cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation.

Yes, the test can be used to monitor the disease progression and response to treatment in certain cases. Changes in the expression of EP CAM in tumor cells may indicate how well a patient is responding to therapy.

Yes, there are other methods for diagnosing epithelial cancers, including other types of IHC tests, molecular testing, and traditional histopathological examination. However, the choice of test depends on various factors, such as the type of cancer suspected, the location of the tumor, and the patient's overall health.

No, the results of the EP CAM IHC test are not immediate. It typically takes several days to process the tissue sample and perform the IHC staining procedures.

Yes, the EP CAM IHC test can be done during pregnancy. However, any concerns should be discussed with your healthcare provider, especially considering that the test requires a biopsy procedure.

Non-modifiable factors include genetic predispositions, certain inherited conditions, and age. It's important to discuss these factors with your healthcare provider to better understand your test results and overall health condition.

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