Immunohistochemistry CD99 Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
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Immunohistochemistry (IHC) involves the process of detecting antigens (e.g., proteins) in cells of a tissue section by exploiting the principle of antibodies binding specifically to antigens in biological tissues. The IHC - CD99 test specifically targets and detects the CD99 antigen.
CD99 is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed in a variety of tissues and cells. Although it is found in many types of cells, its expression is particularly high in leukocytes and Ewing's sarcoma cells, a type of cancer that affects the bone or the soft tissue around the bones. Because of this, the IHC - CD99 test is often used to help diagnose and classify Ewing's sarcoma and other similar types of cancers. It can be a crucial tool in histopathology when diagnosing certain diseases.
|IHC - CD99
|Price in Hyderabad
What is the IHC - CD99 test?
The IHC - CD99 test is a lab procedure that uses antibodies to detect the presence and level of CD99, a specific protein, in tissue samples. This test is often used to aid in diagnosing certain types of cancers, such as Ewing's sarcoma.
Why is the IHC - CD99 test done?
The IHC - CD99 test can be helpful in diagnosing and classifying certain types of cancers. It's used as a diagnostic tool because CD99 is highly expressed in certain types of cancer cells, such as Ewing's sarcoma.
Home Sample Collection
What type of sample is needed for the IHC - CD99 test?
The IHC - CD99 test requires a tissue sample, typically obtained through a biopsy.
What does it mean if the IHC - CD99 test is positive?
A positive IHC - CD99 test indicates that CD99 is present in the tested tissue sample. This could be indicative of certain types of cancer, such as Ewing's sarcoma, but further diagnostic testing would be needed for a definitive diagnosis.
What are the preparations required for the IHC - CD99 test?
There are no special preparations needed for the IHC - CD99 test. However, you should inform your doctor of any medications you are taking as they might interfere with the test results.
Is the IHC - CD99 test painful?
The IHC - CD99 test itself is not painful. However, the procedure to obtain the tissue sample, such as a biopsy, may cause some discomfort or pain.
How long does it take to get results from an IHC - CD99 test?
The turnaround time for IHC - CD99 test results is typically 5-7 days, although this may vary depending on the lab.
Can the IHC - CD99 test be done at home?
No, the IHC - CD99 test involves specific procedures and equipment that can only be handled in a laboratory setting by trained professionals.
Who should order an IHC - CD99 test?
Typically, an oncologist or pathologist would order an IHC - CD99 test if Ewing's sarcoma or a similar type of cancer is suspected.
Are there any risks associated with the IHC - CD99 test?
The risks associated with the IHC - CD99 test are minimal and primarily related to the biopsy procedure used to obtain the tissue sample.
Can I eat and drink before an IHC - CD99 test?
Yes, there are no dietary restrictions before the IHC - CD99 test.
What are normal levels of CD99 in a tissue sample?
Normal levels of CD99 vary widely as CD99 is expressed in many different types of cells. However, high levels of CD99 can be indicative of certain types of cancers like Ewing's sarcoma.
What factors could affect the levels of CD99?
Certain diseases, particularly certain types of cancers, can affect the levels of CD99. The usage of certain medications might also interfere with CD99 levels.
What should I do if my test results show high levels of CD99?
If your IHC - CD99 test results show high levels of CD99, it is important to discuss these results with your doctor. They will help interpret what these results mean in the context of your overall health and potential symptoms.
How often should I take the IHC - CD99 test?
The frequency of the IHC - CD99 test depends on your doctor's recommendation, often based on your current health status and the suspected or diagnosed disease.
Does a positive result on the IHC - CD99 test confirm a cancer diagnosis?
While a positive result on the IHC - CD99 test can indicate the presence of certain types of cancer, it's not enough for a definitive diagnosis. Additional tests and assessments are usually needed for a comprehensive diagnosis.
How accurate is the IHC - CD99 test in diagnosing cancer?
The accuracy of the IHC - CD99 test is high, but it's not the only test used when diagnosing cancer. Doctors typically use a range of diagnostic tests and take into consideration the patient's symptoms, medical history, and physical examination results to make a definitive diagnosis.
Can the IHC - CD99 test differentiate between different types of cancer?
The IHC - CD99 test can help differentiate between certain types of cancer. For instance, CD99 is often highly expressed in Ewing's sarcoma. However, other types of cancers might also express CD99. Therefore, additional diagnostic procedures might be required to determine the exact type of cancer.
Are there any alternatives to the IHC - CD99 test?
There are other types of tests that can be used in diagnosing and differentiating types of cancer, including other immunohistochemical tests, imaging tests, molecular tests, and cytogenetic analysis. The choice of tests depends on the type of cancer suspected and the individual patient's condition.
What happens after the IHC - CD99 test?
After the IHC - CD99 test, your doctor will review the results in combination with your overall clinical picture. If the results suggest a likelihood of cancer, further diagnostic tests may be ordered. If cancer is confirmed, a treatment plan will be discussed with you.
The IHC - CD99 test is a valuable tool for assisting in the diagnosis and classification of certain types of cancers. As with any medical procedure or test, it's crucial to communicate openly with your healthcare provider and ask any questions you might have. Although the test can provide valuable information, it's just one piece of the puzzle in diagnosing and treating diseases. It's also important to remember that early detection and treatment often lead to better health outcomes. So, regular check-ups and vigilance about any changes in your health status are vital.
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