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IHC - Calcitonin

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) - Calcitonin is a diagnostic test performed on a tissue sample. The test utilizes the principles of immunohistochemistry, a technique that involves the use of specific antibodies that can bind to particular antigens present in the tissue. This method can visualize and localize the presence and distribution of specific proteins, such as calcitonin, within cells.

Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the C cells (or parafollicular cells) of the thyroid gland. This hormone plays a vital role in regulating calcium and phosphate metabolism in our body. An increased level of calcitonin in the tissue can be indicative of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), a type of thyroid cancer that originates from the C cells. The IHC - Calcitonin test can help in the diagnosis and management of this condition.

  • Test NameIHC - Calcitonin
  • Sample TypeTissue
  • Preparations RequiredNo specific preparation is required for the test. Regular diet and medication can be continued unless instructed otherwise by your healthcare provider.
  • Report Time3 days

What is the purpose of the IHC - Calcitonin test?

This test is used primarily to confirm the diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), a type of thyroid cancer. It can also be used to monitor the effectiveness of treatment in patients with MTC.

How is the tissue sample collected for the test?

The tissue sample for the test is usually collected through a biopsy, which involves removing a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

A positive result indicates an increased level of calcitonin in the tissue, which may suggest the presence of medullary thyroid carcinoma.

While the IHC - Calcitonin test can aid in the diagnosis of MTC, it's not typically used as a screening test.

The primary risk associated with this test is related to the biopsy procedure, such as infection or bleeding at the biopsy site.

The turnaround time for the test typically ranges from 5 to 10 days, depending on the laboratory.

No specific preparation is required for this test. You can continue your regular diet and medications unless otherwise instructed by your healthcare provider.

Yes, the results of the IHC - Calcitonin test can help guide treatment decisions and monitor the effectiveness of the treatment.

A negative result means that the calcitonin levels in the tissue sample are not elevated. However, this does not completely rule out the possibility of MTC or other diseases.

Yes, the IHC - Calcitonin test can be used to monitor disease progression and the effectiveness of treatment in individuals with MTC.

Certain conditions such as hyperparathyroidism and renal failure can affect the levels of calcitonin in the body and thus, might influence the test results.

Insurance coverage for the IHC - Calcitonin test varies among providers. It's recommended to check with your insurance company to understand your coverage and potential out-of-pocket costs.

Yes, this test can be performed on individuals of any age, including children, if indicated by a healthcare provider.

The frequency of this test should be determined by your healthcare provider based on your individual health condition and the type and stage of your cancer.

The IHC - Calcitonin test is a highly reliable method for detecting elevated levels of calcitonin in tissue samples. However, no test is 100% accurate, and results should always be interpreted in conjunction with other diagnostic procedures and clinical findings.

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