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Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) Screening For both SCD and Cardiac Arrhythmia

Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) Screening For both SCD and Cardiac Arrhythmia

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  • Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) Screening For both SCD and Cardiac Arrhythmia

Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is a type of heart disease where the heart muscle becomes excessively thick, making it harder for the heart to pump blood. It is one of the most common genetic heart conditions and a leading cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young people, especially athletes. Additionally, HOCM is also associated with cardiac arrhythmias, abnormal heart rhythms that can lead to symptoms like palpitations, dizziness, and fainting.

Screening for HOCM is vital as it allows for early detection and treatment, which can significantly reduce the risk of complications such as SCD and cardiac arrhythmias. The screening involves blood tests to check for genetic mutations linked to HOCM and heart imaging tests such as an echocardiogram to visualize the thickness of the heart muscle and the functioning of the heart.


  • Test NameHypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM) Screening For both SCD and Cardiac Arrhythmia
  • Sample TypeBlood
  • Preparations RequiredNone
  • Report Time6 weeks

What is the purpose of HOCM screening?

The screening aims to identify individuals who have HOCM, particularly those without symptoms, so that treatment can be initiated to manage the condition and prevent complications.

How is HOCM screening done?

HOCM screening involves a combination of blood tests and imaging tests. Genetic testing can identify specific mutations associated with HOCM, and an echocardiogram can detect abnormal thickness in the heart muscle, a characteristic of HOCM.

Home Sample Collection Process
1
Book your convenient slot
Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
Download Reports
Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

Anyone with a family history of HOCM, sudden cardiac death, or unexplained cardiac arrest should consider screening. It's also recommended for individuals experiencing symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting, especially during exercise.

No, fasting is not typically required before HOCM screening.

If you have a family history of HOCM or other risk factors, your healthcare provider will give you recommendations based on your individual risk.

Positive results indicate that you have HOCM or are likely to develop the condition. Negative results do not completely rule out HOCM, especially if you have symptoms or a family history of the condition.

If you are diagnosed with HOCM, you may need to avoid strenuous physical activity or competitive sports. You may also need medications to manage symptoms and prevent complications. In some cases, surgical procedures or the implantation of a device like a pacemaker or defibrillator might be necessary.

While HOCM is primarily a genetic condition, lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy weight, controlling blood pressure, and avoiding alcohol can help manage symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.

Yes, genetic factors are non-modifiable risks for HOCM. If you have a parent with HOCM, you have a 50% chance of inheriting the condition.

You should consult a cardiologist, a doctor specializing in heart diseases, if your HOCM screening result is abnormal. Understanding your risk for HOCM can provide valuable information for both you and your healthcare provider, allowing for early intervention and management to prevent severe complications. Regular screening and follow-up care are essential parts of managing HOCM, along with lifestyle modifications and medical treatments when necessary.

Currently, there is no cure for HOCM, but treatments are available to help manage symptoms and reduce the risk of complications such as sudden cardiac death.

If left untreated, HOCM can lead to severe heart failure, stroke, and sudden cardiac death. Regular monitoring and management of the condition are crucial.

The genetic blood test for HOCM has no significant side effects. The echocardiogram is also generally safe and non-invasive. However, some people may feel a slight discomfort due to the pressure of the ultrasound probe.

Yes, lifestyle changes like maintaining a healthy weight, controlling high blood pressure, limiting alcohol, and avoiding strenuous physical activity can help manage HOCM and prevent complications.

Yes, most people with HOCM can lead a normal life with proper treatment and management. This typically involves medication, lifestyle changes, and possibly surgery.

In conclusion, Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy is a serious heart condition that requires ongoing care and management. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with HOCM, it is important to follow the recommended treatment plan and make necessary lifestyle changes to manage the condition. Regular screening and follow-ups with a healthcare provider are crucial in preventing life-threatening complications.

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