HIV-2 RNA Quantitative Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

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₹ 6750

The HIV-2 RNA Quantitative - PCR test is an instrumental diagnostic and monitoring tool for HIV-2 infection. Unlike the qualitative test, which only detects the presence of the virus, the quantitative test also measures the amount of HIV-2 RNA in the blood. This information is essential for evaluating disease progression and effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 2 (HIV-2) is a retrovirus similar to HIV-1, but typically less virulent and transmissible. It primarily affects the immune system, causing progressive damage if not treated. Early detection and quantification of the virus through the HIV-2 RNA Quantitative - PCR test help healthcare providers optimize patient management and treatment strategies.

Test Name HIV-2 RNA Quantitative – PCR
Sample Type Blood
Preparations Required None
Report Time 3 Days
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 6750

What is the HIV-2 RNA Quantitative - PCR test?

The HIV-2 RNA Quantitative - PCR test measures the amount of HIV-2 RNA, or viral load, in the blood. It is a critical tool in diagnosing and monitoring HIV-2 infection and assessing the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy.

Is fasting required for this test?

No, fasting is not required for this test.

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What specific preparation is needed for this test?

No specific preparation is needed for this test.

When should I get this test done?

This test is recommended when you have been diagnosed with HIV-2 infection, and it's used to monitor the progress of the disease and the effectiveness of your treatment.

What does the test measure?

The test measures the amount of HIV-2 RNA (viral load) in your blood. A high viral load often indicates a more progressed infection and/or a lower response to antiretroviral therapy.

How often should this test be performed?

The frequency of testing depends on individual circumstances, including the stage of infection, response to treatment, and your healthcare provider's recommendations.

What are the normal values for this test?

In treated patients, the goal is to achieve an undetectable viral load. However, 'undetectable' doesn't mean the virus is gone but rather that it is so low that it cannot be measured by the test.

What precautions should be taken before or after the test?

Standard precautions apply for blood tests. It's also important to inform your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking as some may interfere with the test results.

What factors can affect the test results?

Various factors, including the stage of infection, immune response, presence of other infections, and adherence to antiretroviral therapy, can impact the test results.

Which doctor should I consult if my test results are abnormal?

If your test results are abnormal, you should consult with your healthcare provider, who may be a general practitioner, an infectious disease specialist, or an HIV specialist.

Can antiretroviral therapy eliminate HIV-2 RNA from my blood?

Antiretroviral therapy can reduce the viral load to undetectable levels but does not completely eradicate the virus from the body.

What is the relationship between viral load and CD4 count?

Typically, a high viral load corresponds with a lower CD4 count, indicating a more weakened immune system.

What if my viral load remains high despite treatment?

If your viral load remains high despite treatment, it may suggest that your current antiretroviral regimen is not working effectively. Your healthcare provider may consider switching to a different therapy.

What is the importance of monitoring viral load?

Regular monitoring of your viral load helps to determine how well your body is controlling the HIV infection. If your viral load increases, it may indicate that your treatment is not working as effectively, and your healthcare provider may need to adjust your treatment plan.

Can I do this test at home?

No, this test requires a blood draw by a healthcare professional and laboratory analysis.

What medications can affect the test results?

Medications, including antiretroviral therapy, can affect the amount of virus in your blood. Always let your healthcare provider know about all the medications you are taking.

What does it mean if my viral load is undetectable?

Having an undetectable viral load means that the amount of HIV in your blood is below the level that the test can detect. This is a sign that your antiretroviral treatment is working effectively.

Can this test diagnose an early HIV-2 infection?

While this test can detect the presence of the virus before antibodies are produced, it is primarily used for monitoring known HIV-2 infections.

How accurate is this test?

This test is highly accurate when performed by certified laboratories and can detect very low levels of HIV-2 RNA in the blood.

Can I live a healthy life with an HIV-2 infection?

Yes, with proper treatment and medical care, individuals with HIV-2 can live a long and healthy life.

In conclusion, the HIV-2 RNA Quantitative - PCR test is a vital tool in managing HIV-2 infections. It provides crucial information that guides the initiation and adjustment of antiretroviral therapy, thereby helping individuals with HIV-2 to maintain an optimal quality of life.

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