HIV 1 Early Detection Combo under 2yrs age Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Patient Preparing : No fasting or specific preparation is required for this test.

₹ 3850


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a viral infection that progressively weakens the immune system, leading to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) if left untreated. HIV 1 and HIV 2 are the two main types of the virus, with HIV 1 being more common globally.

The HIV 1 Early Detection Combo for children under two years of age is a comprehensive test that includes HIV 1&2 Antibody with p24 Ag Capture and HIV Proviral DNA PCR. This combination of tests enables early detection and accurate diagnosis of HIV in children, thereby allowing for prompt treatment and management.

Test Name HIV 1 Early Detection Combo for < 2yrs age (HIV 1&2 Antibody with p24 Ag capture; HIV Proviral DNA PCR )
Sample Type Blood
Preparations Required No fasting or specific preparation is required for this test.
Report Time 2 days
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 3850

Why is the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo important?

This combination of tests is crucial for diagnosing HIV in children under two years. HIV antibodies in these children may be difficult to detect due to the presence of maternal antibodies. Thus, combining antibody tests with p24 antigen and Proviral DNA PCR testing offers greater accuracy in early diagnosis.

Do I need to fast before the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo?

No, fasting is not necessary before this test.

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Are there any specific preparations required for the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo?

No special preparations are needed for this test.

When should my child get the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo?

Your healthcare provider may recommend this test if your child was born to an HIV-positive mother, has been potentially exposed to HIV, or is showing symptoms that may suggest an HIV infection.

What information does the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo provide?

This test detects HIV antibodies, the p24 antigen (a protein found on the surface of the HIV virus), and HIV proviral DNA in the blood. A positive result for any of these components generally indicates an HIV infection.

How often should the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo be done?

The frequency of testing depends on the child's risk of exposure to HIV. For children born to HIV-positive mothers, the test may be done at multiple time points in the first two years of life, as per healthcare provider's recommendation.

What are the normal values for the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo?

Normal or negative results mean no HIV antibodies, p24 antigen, or HIV proviral DNA were detected in the blood sample. However, negative results must be interpreted cautiously as they might be due to the test being conducted during the window period, i.e., the time it takes after infection for the test to yield a positive result.

What precautions should I take before and after the test?

Before the test, inform your healthcare provider about any medications your child is taking. After the test, depending on the results, your healthcare provider will guide you on the next steps.

What factors could affect the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo results?

The main factor affecting test results is the window period - the time between potential exposure to HIV and when the test can accurately detect infection.

Which healthcare provider should I consult if my child has an abnormal HIV 1 Early Detection Combo result?

In the event of an abnormal or positive test result, you should consult with a healthcare provider specializing in pediatric infectious diseases or HIV/AIDS care.

Are there any risks associated with the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo?

This test involves a routine blood draw, which carries minimal risks, such as slight pain or bruising at the injection site.

Can the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo detect early HIV infection in my child?

Yes, the combination of these tests (antibody, p24 antigen, and proviral DNA) allows for early detection of HIV infection in children.

What does it mean if my child's HIV 1 Early Detection Combo result is positive?

A positive result usually indicates that your child is infected with HIV. However, positive results must always be confirmed with follow-up tests.

How is the blood sample for the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo collected?

A healthcare professional will collect a blood sample from a vein in your child's arm using a needle. This sample is then sent to a laboratory for testing.

Can medications affect the HIV 1 Early Detection Combo results?

While medications won't produce false HIV antibodies or antigens, some HIV treatment medications can potentially decrease the amount of virus in the body to undetectable levels. Always inform your healthcare provider about any medications your child is on.

The HIV 1 Early Detection Combo test plays a pivotal role in diagnosing HIV in children under two years of age, allowing for early treatment that can significantly improve their health and quality of life. Understanding the purpose and process of this test is essential for parents and caregivers of children at risk. As with all health matters, maintaining open communication with healthcare providers and pursuing the appropriate follow-up care is key to effective health management.

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