HIV 1 and 2 Antibody with p24 Antigen Capture Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
Patient Preparing : There are no special instructions for this test. You should continue your usual activities and medications unless directed otherwise by your healthcare provider.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that attacks the immune system, leading to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) if left untreated. HIV can be categorized into two main types - HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is more common and virulent, while HIV-2 is less transmissible and is mostly confined to West Africa. Both types damage a person's immune system in similar ways.
The HIV 1 and 2 Antibody with p24 Antigen Capture Test is a blood test that detects the presence of HIV antibodies and the p24 antigen. Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system in response to an infection, and the p24 antigen is a protein that is part of the HIV virus. The presence of HIV antibodies or the p24 antigen indicates an HIV infection.
The test plays an essential role in diagnosing HIV at an early stage. It can detect the p24 antigen as early as two weeks post-infection, even before antibodies have developed. Early detection of HIV allows for immediate initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART), which can dramatically slow the virus's progression and help individuals live longer, healthier lives.
|HIV 1 and 2 Antibody with p24 Antigen Capture
|There are no special instructions for this test. You should continue your usual activities and medications unless directed otherwise by your healthcare provider.
|Price in Hyderabad
Why is the HIV 1 and 2 Antibody with p24 Antigen Capture Test important?
This test is crucial as it aids in early detection of HIV, allowing for timely treatment, slowing disease progression, and reducing the risk of transmitting the virus to others.
Do I need to fast before this test?
No, fasting is not necessary for this test.
Home Sample Collection
When should I get this test?
You should consider getting this test if you've had unprotected sex, shared needles, had a blood transfusion, have been diagnosed with another sexually transmitted infection, or are pregnant.
What does this test measure?
This test measures the presence of antibodies to HIV 1 and 2 and the p24 antigen in the blood, indicating an HIV infection.
How often should I get tested?
The frequency of testing depends on your risk factors for HIV. Individuals at higher risk, such as those with multiple sexual partners, intravenous drug users, or men who have sex with men, should consider annual testing.
What are the normal values for this test?
A normal result is negative, indicating that no HIV antibodies or p24 antigen were detected. However, a negative result does not entirely rule out HIV, especially if exposure occurred within the past three months.
Are there any precautions I should take before the test?
No specific precautions are required for this test. However, always inform your healthcare provider about all medications and supplements you're taking.
Which factors can affect the results?
The timing of the test can affect the results as it may take two weeks to three months post-exposure for the body to produce antibodies to HIV. Also, taking antiretroviral drugs can affect the results of this test.
What happens if my test result is positive?
A positive result indicates that HIV antibodies or the p24 antigen are present, suggesting an HIV infection. However, a positive result will usually be followed by more specific tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Who should I consult if my test results are positive?
If your test results are positive, you should consult with an infectious disease specialist or a healthcare provider who specializes in HIV/AIDS.
Can this test detect both types of HIV?
Yes, this test can detect antibodies to both HIV-1 and HIV-2 as well as the p24 antigen associated with HIV-1.
Can this test be used to monitor HIV infection?
No, this test is used for screening and diagnosis. Other tests, like the CD4 count and viral load tests, are used to monitor the disease's progression and the effectiveness of treatment.
Does a negative result mean I am not infected with HIV?
A negative result means that no HIV antibodies or p24 antigen were detected in the blood at the time of the test. However, if exposure to the virus happened within the past three months, the test might not pick up the infection due to the "window period," and you should repeat the test.
How can I prevent an HIV infection?
Practicing safe sex, using sterile needles, and avoiding contact with other people's body fluids can help prevent an HIV infection. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a daily medication that can reduce your risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99%.
Can an HIV infection be cured?
While there's no cure for HIV, it can be controlled effectively with antiretroviral therapy (ART). This treatment can keep you healthy for many years and reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to others.
Knowledge about your health status, especially concerning diseases like HIV, is a fundamental right. Early diagnosis and immediate intervention significantly increase the probability of living a longer, healthier life with HIV. The HIV 1 and 2 Antibody with p24 Antigen Capture Test is a powerful tool to help detect HIV at an early stage, facilitating swift action and management. Stay informed, stay safe.
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