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Lab Test

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)- I & II IgM, Serum

Herpes Simplex Virus, types 1 and 2, are two distinct yet related viruses, which are responsible for various infections that include mild skin infections and serious complications like encephalitis and neonatal herpes. While HSV-1 is typically associated with oral-labial infections and encephalitis, HSV-2 usually results in genital infections and increases the risk of HIV acquisition. However, both types can infect any area of the body. The detection and differentiation between HSV-1 and HSV-2 are critical in the clinical diagnosis and management of these infections.


  • Profile Name: Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)- I & II IgM, Serum
  • Sample Type: Blood
  • Preparations Required: No special preparation is necessary before the sample collection.
  • Report Time: 6 hours

The HSV IgM test is designed to detect IgM antibodies that are produced as a body's first response to a HSV infection. IgM antibodies are usually present in higher concentrations shortly after an infection before gradually decreasing and eventually disappearing. Therefore, a positive IgM test for HSV types 1 or 2 typically suggests a recent infection.

Home Sample Collection Process
1
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Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
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Frequently Asked Questions

The HSV Types 1 and 2 IgM test is a blood test that detects the presence of IgM antibodies against HSV-1 and HSV-2. A positive test result indicates a recent infection, while a negative result can suggest the absence of a recent infection.

The test is usually ordered when an individual presents with symptoms suggestive of an HSV infection such as cold sores or genital sores. It is also performed when a person is at risk of the infection due to their lifestyle or certain medical conditions.

No special preparation is required for this test. The individual can eat and drink normally before the test.

A positive test result indicates a recent infection with HSV-1 or HSV-2, whereas a negative test result suggests the absence of a recent infection. However, a negative test result does not rule out the possibility of an HSV infection, especially if the sample was collected soon after exposure. Further testing may be required in such cases.

A blood sample is collected from a vein in the arm using a standard blood draw procedure.

The risks associated with this test are minimal and may include slight pain or bruising at the site of the needle insertion. Rarely, a person may feel lightheaded or faint during the blood draw.

While there is currently no cure for HSV-1 or HSV-2 infections, antiviral medications can help manage symptoms, reduce the frequency of outbreaks, and minimize the risk of transmission to others.

Preventive measures include practicing safe sex, avoiding close physical contact with individuals with visible sores, and maintaining good personal hygiene.

Yes, it's possible for an individual to have both HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections. In such cases, they would test positive for IgM antibodies to both viruses if the infections are recent.

The immune status of the individual, the timing of the test following exposure, and the presence of other similar viral infections can affect the results of this test.

Yes, the HSV IgM test cannot distinguish between a primary infection and a recurrent infection. It may also give false-positive results due to cross-reactivity with other viruses or due to the presence of rheumatoid factor in the blood. Therefore, positive results should be interpreted in conjunction with the individual's symptoms and other diagnostic tests.

Additional tests such as the HSV IgG test, HSV culture, or PCR test may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis and to differentiate between a primary and recurrent infection.

As of my knowledge cut-off in September 2021, there is no commercially available vaccine against HSV. However, ongoing research is being conducted to develop a vaccine.

Yes, individuals with recent asymptomatic HSV infection can also test positive for HSV IgM. This highlights the importance of testing even in the absence of symptoms, especially in high-risk individuals.

Yes, potential complications of untreated or severe HSV infections include aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, neonatal herpes (if the mother has an active genital herpes infection during childbirth), and increased risk of HIV acquisition.

HSV IgG test detects antibodies that are produced later in the course of infection and typically stay in the body for life, indicating past exposure to the virus. The HSV IgM test, on the other hand, detects antibodies that are produced early in the course of infection and usually indicate a recent infection.

Once a person is infected with HSV, the virus remains in their body for life. It may cause recurrent episodes of symptoms, particularly in times of stress or weakened immune function, but this is not due to a new infection but rather reactivation of the existing virus.

A positive HSV IgM test indicates recent infection, but it is not definitive proof of an HSV infection because false-positive results can occur. Confirmatory tests, like the HSV IgG test or HSV PCR, might be needed to establish a diagnosis.

This test is typically done when there are symptoms suggesting an HSV infection, or if an individual is at a high risk of HSV infection due to their lifestyle or certain medical conditions. Repeat testing is often guided by clinical judgment based on the patient's symptoms and risk factors.

The HSV IgM antibodies generally become detectable within one to two weeks after initial exposure to the virus. However, the timing can vary from person to person. If the initial test is negative, and there is a high suspicion of infection, the test may be repeated after a few weeks.

HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS (HSV)- I & II IGM, SERUM
₹ 2000
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