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Hemoglobin Variant Analysis (Hb-HPLC) with RBC indices

Hemoglobin Variant Analysis with Red Blood Cell (RBC) indices is a comprehensive diagnostic test that helps in identifying different forms of hemoglobin and evaluating the size and other properties of red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a crucial protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. There are several different types or variants of hemoglobin, and this analysis is essential in detecting abnormalities or variants that might be associated with certain blood disorders, like thalassemia or sickle cell anemia.


  • Profile Name: Hemoglobin Variant Analysis (Hb-HPLC) with RBC indices
  • Sample Type: Blood
  • Preparations Required: There are no special instructions for this test. Fasting is not necessary, and no specific preparation is required.
  • Report Time: 24 hours

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is a technique used in the laboratory to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture. In this case, HPLC is used to separate and identify different types of hemoglobin. RBC indices are a part of the complete blood count and include measurements like Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), which helps to evaluate the average size of the red blood cells.

Home Sample Collection Process
1
Book your convenient slot
Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

Hemoglobin Variant Analysis is important for diagnosing and managing blood disorders like sickle cell disease and various types of thalassemia. It helps in identifying abnormal forms of hemoglobin that can affect the function of red blood cells and cause various symptoms and complications.

RBC indices are measurements that provide information about the size and hemoglobin content of red blood cells. They are important in the diagnosis and classification of anemia and include Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC).

A blood sample is drawn from a vein in the arm using a needle. The blood is then sent to the laboratory where the Hb-HPLC method is used to separate and identify different types of hemoglobin, and RBC indices are measured as part of the complete blood count.

The risks associated with this test are minimal and similar to those of a standard blood draw. This includes slight pain or bruising at the needle site. The risk of infection or excessive bleeding is very low.

If an abnormal hemoglobin variant is detected, it could indicate a genetic blood disorder such as sickle cell anemia or thalassemia. Further evaluation and tests might be required for a definitive diagnosis.

Some common hemoglobin variants include Hemoglobin S (associated with sickle cell anemia), Hemoglobin C, and Hemoglobin E (often seen in thalassemia).

Yes, this test can be used as a screening tool for family members, especially if there is a known history of hemoglobin disorders. It can be particularly useful in genetic counseling and making informed decisions regarding family planning.

Doctors use the results of this test to diagnose hemoglobinopathies, guide treatment decisions, and monitor the efficacy of therapy in individuals with blood disorders.

Repeating this test may be necessary if the doctor suspects a hemoglobin disorder or to monitor the effect of treatment in individuals with known hemoglobinopathies.

Yes, certain medications, nutritional deficiencies, or recent blood transfusions can affect the results. It's important to inform the doctor about any medications or supplements you are taking.

Yes, Hemoglobin Variant Analysis is often part of newborn screening programs to detect hemoglobin disorders early and initiate timely management.

Depending on the results and clinical suspicion, additional tests such as iron studies, genetic testing, or a bone marrow biopsy might be recommended.

Yes, in patients with known hemoglobin disorders, this test is often used to monitor the effectiveness of treatment and changes in hemoglobin levels.

If an abnormal hemoglobin variant is detected, it is advisable to consult a hematologist, a doctor who specializes in blood disorders.

The treatment for hemoglobin disorders varies depending on the type and severity of the condition. This may include medications, blood transfusions, dietary modifications, and in some cases, stem cell transplantation.

Hemoglobin Variant Analysis with RBC indices is a specialized test that is critical in diagnosing and managing hemoglobin disorders. Understanding your hemoglobin variants and the health of your red blood cells can help you and your doctor make informed decisions regarding your health. If you or a family member have a history of blood disorders or if you are experiencing symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, or jaundice, this test can be an essential tool in the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Hemoglobin Variant Analysis (Hb-HPLC) with RBC indices
₹ 1000
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