Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Antigen - Serum Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Patient Preparing : No special preparation is needed before this test.

₹ 1200

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacterium responsible for severe pneumonia, meningitis and other invasive diseases primarily in children. Less commonly, Hib causes disease in adults with underlying chronic illnesses. The bacteria can be identified through different laboratory tests, and one such test is the detection of Hib antigen in a patient's blood serum.

Serum is the liquid part of the blood, obtained after the blood has clotted, and it's used in various diagnostic tests. For the Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Antigen test, a blood sample is drawn, usually from a vein in the arm. In the lab, the sample is processed to separate the serum which is then examined for the presence of the Hib antigen.

Test Name Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Antigen - Serum
Sample Type Blood
Preparations Required No special preparation is needed before this test.
Report Time 6 hours
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 1200

What is the Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Antigen - Serum test?

This test detects the presence of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) antigen in the blood serum. The presence of the antigen suggests a current or recent infection with the Hib bacterium.

Who needs to take this test?

This test is often recommended for individuals, especially children, who present symptoms indicative of a Hib infection such as fever, lethargy, vomiting, or signs of meningitis like severe headache, neck stiffness, sensitivity to light, and confusion.

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How is the test performed?

The test requires a blood sample which is drawn from a vein in the arm. In the lab, the blood is processed to obtain the serum, which is then analyzed for the presence of Hib antigen.

Is there any special preparation needed for the test?

No special preparation is required before this test.

What do the test results mean?

A positive result means that Hib antigen is present in the serum, indicating an active or recent infection with Haemophilus influenzae type b. A negative result means no Hib antigen was detected, and it's unlikely that the person has a Hib infection.

What factors can affect the test results?

Timing of the test in relation to when symptoms first appeared can affect the test results. Antibiotic treatment can also affect the results.

Can the test be done at home?

No, the test involves drawing blood which should be performed by a healthcare professional. Also, the analysis requires specialized equipment.

Which doctor should I consult if my test results are abnormal?

You should consult an infectious disease specialist or a pediatrician (for children) if your test results are abnormal.

Prompt diagnosis of a Hib infection can prevent severe complications such as meningitis or pneumonia. If you or your child are experiencing symptoms indicative of a Hib infection, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately. This test is a valuable tool that can assist in the early detection and treatment of Hib infections. It's important to remember that while the test can provide valuable information, the results should always be interpreted by a qualified healthcare professional in the context of your overall health status and clinical symptoms.

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