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Giardia Antigen Detection

Giardia Antigen Detection

Giardia is a microscopic parasite that causes an intestinal infection known as giardiasis. Giardiasis is usually contracted by consuming water or food contaminated with the parasite. Once in the intestine, Giardia attaches to the lining and reproduces, causing symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, and sometimes weight loss. The Giardia antigen detection test is performed to diagnose this infection by detecting the presence of specific proteins (antigens) produced by the Giardia parasite in the stool.

  • Test Name Giardia Antigen Detection
  • Sample Type Stool
  • Preparations Required Collect the stool sample in a clean container. Avoid using toilet bowl cleaners before collecting the sample as they can interfere with the test results.
  • Report Time 24 hours

Detecting Giardia antigens in the stool is considered more sensitive and specific than examining the stool for the presence of the parasite under a microscope. This is because the parasite may be passed in the stool intermittently and might not be present in the sample even if the person is infected. Detecting antigens, which are proteins produced by the parasite, is a more direct way of diagnosing the infection.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Book your convenient slot
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

Symptoms of giardiasis include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, bloating, gas, and sometimes weight loss and malnutrition. However, some people with Giardia infection do not develop any symptoms.

Giardiasis is typically transmitted through contaminated water or food. It can also spread through person-to-person contact, particularly in settings like daycare centers.

Detecting Giardia antigens is important for accurate diagnosis. This test is more sensitive and specific than just looking for the parasite under a microscope, which means it's more likely to accurately identify an infection.

The test is performed on a stool sample. The sample is analyzed in a laboratory for the presence of Giardia antigens.

If you are diagnosed with giardiasis, it’s important to consult a doctor for proper treatment. Medications are available that can effectively treat the infection.

Yes, giardiasis can be prevented by practicing good hygiene, avoiding consuming water or food that may be contaminated, and following safe food handling and preparation practices.

Giardiasis is a common intestinal infection, especially in areas where sanitation and water treatment are less developed. It is also common among travelers who visit regions where the infection is prevalent.

In some cases, giardiasis can cause complications such as dehydration, malabsorption, and weight loss. It's important to seek treatment to minimize the risk of complications.

Currently, there is no vaccine available for giardiasis. Prevention mainly involves practicing good hygiene and being cautious with food and water, especially in areas where the infection is common.

Yes, children, especially those in daycare centers, are at higher risk of giardiasis due to closer contact with others and not yet fully developed hygiene practices.

In some cases, the body can clear Giardia infection on its own, but this can take a long time and the infection can be passed on to others in the meantime. It is advisable to seek medical treatment to clear the infection more quickly.

No, having giardiasis does not provide immunity against future infections. It is possible to get infected with Giardia multiple times.

It's important to consult a doctor for the appropriate medication for giardiasis. The doctor will prescribe specific antibiotics that are effective against the Giardia parasite.

Giardiasis is an intestinal infection that is caused by a microscopic parasite. It's important to recognize the symptoms and seek medical attention if you suspect you have this infection. The Giardia antigen detection test is a reliable way to diagnose giardiasis. Maintaining proper hygiene and being cautious with food and water, especially in areas where giardiasis is common, are key to preventing this infection. If diagnosed, follow the doctor's instructions and take the prescribed medications to effectively treat giardiasis.

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