GeneXpert (Xpert MTB/RIF) - Pulmonary Test, Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
Patient Preparing : No specific preparation is needed. However, patients may be guided to produce a sputum sample.
GeneXpert MTB/RIF, also known as Xpert MTB/RIF, is a rapid molecular test that detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) DNA and rifampicin resistance. MTBC is the group of bacteria that causes tuberculosis (TB). The detection of rifampicin resistance serves as a surrogate marker for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). This test is specifically intended for samples from pulmonary sites, meaning it's used for diagnosing TB in the lungs.
The GeneXpert MTB/RIF test has revolutionized the diagnosis of TB by providing a high degree of accuracy and much quicker results than traditional culture-based tests. Additionally, its ability to simultaneously test for drug resistance is a significant advantage, allowing for the immediate initiation of appropriate therapy, which is critical in managing TB effectively, particularly in cases of MDR-TB.
|GeneXpert (Xpert MTB/RIF) - Pulmonary
|Preferably broncho alveolar lavage/ deep expectorated sputum - first morning sample
|No specific preparation is needed. However, patients may be guided to produce a sputum sample.
|Price in Hyderabad
What is the GeneXpert MTB/RIF test?
The GeneXpert MTB/RIF test is a rapid molecular test that detects the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the bacteria that causes tuberculosis, and resistance to the antibiotic rifampicin.
Why is this test important?
This test is crucial because it rapidly diagnoses pulmonary tuberculosis and identifies rifampicin resistance, indicative of potential multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Early detection enables the timely initiation of suitable treatment, reducing the risk of disease spread and severe complications.
Home Sample Collection
What does the test involve?
The test involves collecting a sample of sputum or other respiratory specimens. This sample is then processed in a specialized machine that uses a technique known as polymerase chain reaction to detect the bacteria's DNA.
What do the results mean?
A positive result indicates the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and potentially resistance to rifampicin. A negative result suggests the absence of the bacteria in the sample tested.
What happens after the test?
If the test result is positive, your doctor will discuss the appropriate treatment plan with you, taking into account any detected rifampicin resistance.
What are the risks associated with this test?
There are minimal risks associated with this test. The specific risks depend on the type of sample collected.
What are the normal values for this test?
A normal result for this test is negative, meaning that the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex was not detected in the sample.
Which doctor should I consult if my test results are abnormal?
If your test results are positive, it is important to consult with a doctor who specializes in infectious diseases or a pulmonologist.
Is fasting required for this test?
No, fasting is not required for the GeneXpert MTB/RIF test.
What symptoms might warrant this test?
This test might be warranted if you have symptoms consistent with pulmonary tuberculosis, such as persistent cough, weight loss, fever, night sweats, and fatigue.
How often should this test be done?
This test is typically performed once to diagnose tuberculosis. However, it might be repeated in cases of treatment failure or relapse.
Can any factors affect the test results?
The primary factor that can affect the test result is the quality of the sample. Improper sample collection, storage, or transportation may lead to false results.
What are the modifiable factors affecting the test results?
The major modifiable factor affecting the test results is the quality of the sample collection, storage, and transportation process. It is crucial to ensure these are carried out properly to obtain accurate results.
What are non-modifiable factors affecting the test results?
Non-modifiable factors include the presence or absence of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in the sample.
Can I do this test at home?
No, this test requires a healthcare professional's sample collection and needs specialized laboratory equipment for processing.
The GeneXpert MTB/RIF test for pulmonary tuberculosis is a critical diagnostic tool that provides quick and accurate results, allowing for prompt treatment. This helps limit the spread of the disease and the progression of the condition. It's essential to remember that managing tuberculosis effectively requires both accurate diagnosis and suitable treatment. Always consult with your doctor if you have any concerns or questions about this test.
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