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Lab Test

Flow Cytometry: Lymphocyte NK Cell Enumeration (CD3, CD19, CD56, CD45)

Flow Cytometry: Lymphocyte NK Cell Enumeration (CD3, CD19, CD56, CD45)

Flow cytometry has revolutionized our understanding of cellular processes, and among the many investigations it enables, the lymphocyte Natural Killer (NK) cell enumeration test stands out as particularly significant.

  • Test NameFlow Cytometry: Lymphocyte NK Cell Enumeration (CD3, CD19, CD56, CD45)
  • Sample TypeBlood
  • Preparations RequiredNo special preparation is required for this test. Remember to inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you're currently taking.
  • Report Time24 hours

Lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, are critical components of the immune system. These include T cells, B cells, and natural killer (NK) cells. NK cells, unique in their ability to identify and destroy cells without prior sensitization, are integral to our immune defense, particularly against infections and cancer. The Lymphocyte NK Cell Enumeration test measures the number and percentage of these cells, contributing crucial information about immune system function.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Book your convenient slot
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

This test provides crucial insights into the status of your immune system. It is used to diagnose and manage conditions that affect the immune system, such as certain cancers and immune deficiencies.

No, fasting is not required for this test. You can continue with your regular diet and activities unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

The test quantifies the number and percentage of NK cells in your blood. These cells play a significant role in the body's defense against infection and cancer.

The frequency of this test will depend on your specific health condition and the treatment plan. Your doctor will guide you based on these factors.

Normal values can vary widely based on your age, overall health, and the specific lab guidelines. Your doctor will interpret your results accordingly.

No special precautions are necessary. However, remember to inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you're taking, as these may impact the test results.

A variety of factors can affect the test results, including viral infections, certain cancers, immunosuppressive therapy, and aging. Some factors are modifiable, such as diet and lifestyle, while others are not.

You should consult an immunologist or oncologist if your test results are abnormal. They will guide you towards further evaluation and treatment.

As this test involves drawing blood, it carries minor risks like pain or bruising at the injection site, lightheadedness, or a slight risk of infection.

An abnormal result does not diagnose a specific disease but indicates a potential problem with the immune system. Further tests may be needed to pinpoint the exact cause.

Yes, certain medications can influence the test results. Always inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you're taking.

Many disorders that affect the test results, such as certain cancers, are not preventable. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can support overall immune health and potentially reduce the risk of some diseases.

Treatment will depend on the specific disorder. For instance, cancers are typically treated with a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Immune deficiencies may require immunoglobulin replacement therapy, medications to boost the immune system, or even stem cell transplantation in severe cases.

Some genetic immune deficiencies can be detected before birth through prenatal testing. However, many conditions that affect these counts, such as cancers, typically develop later in life.

The impact on lifespan can vary greatly depending on the specific disorder, its severity, and the effectiveness of treatment. Early detection and appropriate management can improve prognosis and quality of life.

By keeping an open dialogue with your doctor and staying informed about your health status, you become a proactive participant in your healthcare journey. Always voice any questions you have and ensure you understand what your test results mean for you. Remember, knowledge is a vital part of managing your health.

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