FISH for t(8;14) - Burkitt's Lymphoma

FISH for t(8;14) - Burkitt's Lymphoma

FISH for t(8;14) - Burkitt's Lymphoma is a specialized test used in the diagnosis of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP), a rare type of skin tumor that arises in the dermis and can infiltrate deeper layers of the skin and underlying tissue. DFSP is a low-to-intermediate grade malignancy and is characterized by the specific chromosomal translocation t(17;22). This translocation results in the fusion of the COL1A1 gene on chromosome 17 with the PDGFB gene on chromosome 22, leading to the overexpression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) which contributes to tumor growth.

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a laboratory technique that uses fluorescent probes to detect specific DNA sequences in the chromosomes. In the context of DFSP, FISH is used to identify the t(17;22) translocation, which is a hallmark of this condition, and plays a vital role in confirming the diagnosis and guiding treatment decisions.

  • Test NameFISH for t(8;14) - Burkitt's Lymphoma
  • Sample TypeBlood or bone marrow
  • Preparations RequiredNo specific preparation is required.
  • Report Time5 days

What is FISH for t(8;14) in Burkitt's Lymphoma?

FISH for t(8;14) in Burkitt's Lymphoma is a diagnostic test that detects the specific chromosomal translocation between chromosomes 8 and 14, which is characteristic of Burkitt's Lymphoma. It involves the use of fluorescent probes to visualize this translocation under a microscope.

Why is the FISH for t(8;14) test important?

The t(8;14) translocation is a hallmark of Burkitt's Lymphoma and is present in almost all cases. Detecting this translocation is vital for confirming the diagnosis, planning treatment, and monitoring the patient’s response to therapy.

Home Sample Collection Process
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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

A positive result indicates the presence of the t(8;14) translocation and is highly indicative of Burkitt's Lymphoma. The result helps in confirming the diagnosis and classifying the lymphoma.

For Burkitt's Lymphoma, FISH testing can be performed on a blood sample or a tissue sample obtained through a biopsy of the tumor or bone marrow.

Burkitt's Lymphoma is typically treated with intensive chemotherapy. Sometimes, immunotherapy is also used. It’s important for the treatment to start as soon as possible due to the aggressive nature of this lymphoma.

There is minimal risk associated with drawing blood. However, if a tissue biopsy is performed, there may be risks including infection, bleeding, and pain at the biopsy site.

With early detection and aggressive treatment, many patients with Burkitt’s Lymphoma can be cured. The prognosis depends on various factors including the stage of the disease, the patient’s overall health, and how well the lymphoma responds to treatment.

There is no evidence to suggest that Burkitt's Lymphoma is inherited. It is considered to arise from genetic changes that occur during a person’s lifetime.

Common symptoms of Burkitt’s Lymphoma include swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, night sweats, and abdominal pain or swelling.

Yes, there are three main types of Burkitt’s Lymphoma: endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-related. Endemic Burkitt’s Lymphoma is common in Africa and is associated with the Epstein-Barr virus. Sporadic Burkitt’s Lymphoma is the most common type in the United States. Immunodeficiency-related Burkitt’s Lymphoma occurs in people with compromised immune systems.

There is no standard screening test for Burkitt’s Lymphoma. The FISH test is generally performed when there is a clinical suspicion based on symptoms and other laboratory tests.

The t(8;14) translocation is a genetic change and is not influenced by lifestyle or environmental factors.

If diagnosed with Burkitt’s Lymphoma, it is advisable to consult an oncologist, especially a hematologist-oncologist who specializes in lymphoma.

Receiving a diagnosis of Burkitt’s Lymphoma can be overwhelming. It is essential to communicate openly with your doctor, seek support from family and friends, and consider joining support groups or counseling.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with the endemic form of Burkitt’s Lymphoma. It is believed to contribute to the development of the lymphoma by interacting with the patient’s immune system and genetic material.

Understanding the importance of FISH for t(8;14) in the context of Burkitt's Lymphoma is crucial. This diagnostic test is essential in identifying the chromosomal translocation characteristic of Burkitt's Lymphoma, which is vital for confirming the diagnosis and guiding treatment decisions. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with Burkitt's Lymphoma, it's important to stay informed and actively engage with the doctor in managing the condition. There are various support systems and resources available for patients and families facing a diagnosis of Burkitt's Lymphoma.

FISH for t(8;14) - Burkitt's Lymphoma
₹ 4500
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