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Lab Test

FISH for t(11;14) - Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, characterized by the abnormal proliferation of B-lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell. The FISH (Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization) test for t(11;14) is a diagnostic procedure utilized to detect a specific chromosomal translocation between chromosome 11 and 14, which is a hallmark of MCL. This translocation leads to the overexpression of the cyclin D1 gene, promoting the uncontrolled division of B-lymphocytes.

  • Profile Name: FISH for t(11;14) - Mantle Cell Lymphoma
  • Sample Type: Bone Marrow or Blood or Tissue Sample
  • Preparations Required: No specific preparation is required.
  • Report Time: 5 days

Identifying t(11;14) is crucial for the accurate diagnosis of MCL, as it differentiates it from other lymphomas. The detection of this translocation also has prognostic implications and may guide therapeutic strategies.

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
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Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

FISH for t(11;14) is performed to confirm the diagnosis of Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL). It helps to differentiate MCL from other types of lymphoma, which is essential for determining the appropriate treatment.

The presence of t(11;14) indicates a chromosomal abnormality that is characteristic of Mantle Cell Lymphoma. This translocation leads to the overexpression of the cyclin D1 gene, which is involved in cell cycle regulation, and contributes to the uncontrolled growth of lymphocytes.

For FISH testing, a blood sample is usually collected from a vein in the arm. Sometimes, a tissue sample from a lymph node or other tissue may be needed, which is collected through a biopsy procedure.

No special preparation is needed before the test. You can eat and drink normally and continue with your regular medications unless instructed otherwise by your doctor.

Yes, the FISH test can be used to monitor the response to treatment in patients with MCL. The reduction in cells with the t(11;14) translocation can indicate a positive response to therapy.

Treatment options for MCL include chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation, and immunotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on various factors including the stage of the disease, the patient’s health, and the genetic characteristics of the tumor.

Symptoms of MCL may include swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, and frequent infections.

MCL is generally considered a treatable but incurable cancer. However, some patients can achieve long-term remission with appropriate therapy.

MCL is different from other lymphomas mainly due to the presence of the t(11;14) translocation. It also has a distinct pattern of lymph node involvement and typically has a more aggressive course compared to some other types of lymphoma.

Yes, MCL can recur after treatment. This is known as relapse. In such cases, alternative treatment regimens may be considered.

The risk factors for developing MCL are not well-defined. However, it is more common in older adults and affects more men than women.

The frequency of testing depends on various factors including the stage of the disease and the type of treatment. Your doctor will provide guidance on how often the test should be performed.

There are minimal risks associated with blood collection. For tissue biopsies, there may be risks such as infection or bleeding, but these are generally rare.

If your test results show the t(11;14) translocation, it is important to consult a doctor specializing in hematology or oncology. They will guide you on the appropriate treatment options and monitoring.

Yes, there are ongoing research and clinical trials for new treatments for MCL, including targeted therapies and immunotherapies.

The FISH for t(11;14) test is an important diagnostic tool in the management of Mantle Cell Lymphoma. It is essential for accurate diagnosis and can have implications for prognosis and treatment. If you or someone you know is undergoing evaluation for lymphoma, understanding the role of genetic testing in diagnosis and management is important. Please discuss any concerns or questions with your doctor to make informed decisions regarding your healthcare.

FISH for t(11;14) - Mantle cell lymphoma
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