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Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) for 2 Markers

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) for 2 Markers

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization, widely known as FISH, is a molecular diagnostic technique that allows for the detection and localization of specific DNA sequences on chromosomes. This is achieved through the use of fluorescent probes that bind to the areas of the chromosome with which they are complementary. In particular, FISH for 2 markers involves using two different fluorescent probes designed to bind to two specific chromosomal regions or genes. This technique is highly valuable in various fields, including genetics, oncology, and microbiology, and helps in the diagnosis, prognostication, and monitoring of several genetic disorders and cancers.

FISH is a powerful tool that enables scientists and clinicians to investigate the genetic material at the molecular level. The technique employs fluorescent probes to target specific DNA sequences. These probes emit fluorescence when exposed to a particular wavelength of light, allowing the targeted DNA sequences to be visualized under a fluorescence microscope.

The utilization of FISH to target two specific markers means that two separate pieces of DNA within the cell can be tagged and visualized simultaneously. This dual approach is particularly beneficial in cases where it is necessary to observe the spatial and size relationships between two chromosomal features, or when it is required to detect the coexistence of two genetic abnormalities.

  • Test NameFluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) for 2 Markers
  • Sample TypeBlood, Bone Marrow, or Tissue Sample
  • Preparations RequiredNo specific preparation is required prior to the test.
  • Report Time5 days

What is Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)?

FISH is a laboratory technique used to detect and locate specific DNA sequences on chromosomes. It uses fluorescent probes that bind to only those parts of the chromosome with which they are complementary.

What are the applications of FISH?

FISH is used for various purposes, including the diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities, the identification of specific mutations in cancer, prenatal diagnosis, species identification, and research into the organization of genetic material.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
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Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

FISH for 2 markers means that two different fluorescent probes are used to simultaneously target and visualize two specific DNA sequences or regions on the chromosomes.

The sample (blood, bone marrow, or tissue) is first fixed onto a glass slide. The fluorescent probes are then applied to the sample. Upon binding, the probes are visualized under a fluorescence microscope.

No, fasting is not required for the FISH test.

FISH can detect various genetic abnormalities, such as deletions, duplications, translocations, and inversions. It can also be used to determine the number of specific chromosomes present in a cell.

In cancer, FISH for 2 markers can be used to identify chromosomal changes that are associated with specific types of cancer. This information can be critical for diagnosis, treatment planning, and monitoring of the disease.

Yes, FISH can be performed on samples obtained through amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS) for prenatal diagnosis.

There is minimal risk associated with drawing blood, but procedures like amniocentesis or CVS, which are used to collect samples for prenatal testing, do carry risks. It’s important to discuss the risks and benefits with a doctor.

Interpreting the results of a FISH test should be done by a specialist. The results can indicate normal or abnormal chromosomal regions.

FISH can only detect abnormalities that the probes are designed to bind to; it will not detect unexpected or unknown mutations.

Factors like improper sample handling or technical issues with the probes can affect test results.

The FISH test is highly accurate for detecting specific DNA sequences, but it's important to remember that it can only test for known genetic markers.

If you receive abnormal results from a FISH test, it is important to consult a geneticist or an oncologist, depending on the context of the testing.

The FISH test is important for diagnosing and managing various genetic disorders and cancers. It helps doctors make more informed decisions regarding treatment and prognosis.

It is vital to understand that the FISH technique, especially for 2 markers, is an advanced and highly sensitive tool that has transformed the way genetic analysis is conducted. By identifying chromosomal alterations, it has profound implications for the diagnosis and management of many diseases. It is always advisable to consult a specialist for the interpretation of the results and subsequent steps. Moreover, genetic counseling may be helpful in cases where genetic abnormalities are detected.

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