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Epstein Barr Virus Viral Capsid Antigen IgM Antibodies, EBV (VCA) (Infectious Mononucleosis)

Epstein Barr Virus Viral Capsid Antigen IgM Antibodies, EBV (VCA) (Infectious Mononucleosis)

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  • Epstein Barr Virus Viral Capsid Antigen IgM Antibodies, EBV (VCA) (Infectious Mononucleosis)

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a member of the herpesvirus family, is one of the most common viruses that can infect humans. It is best known for causing infectious mononucleosis, often referred to as 'mono'. However, not everyone who is infected with EBV will develop mononucleosis. The virus can remain dormant in the body for a lifetime and may reactivate, though usually without symptoms. In some cases, EBV has been associated with certain types of cancers and autoimmune disorders. The Epstein Barr Virus Viral Capsid Antigen IgM Antibodies (EBV VCA IgM) test is used to detect an active EBV infection by measuring the IgM antibodies to the viral capsid antigen (VCA).


  • Test NameEpstein Barr Virus Viral Capsid Antigen IgM Antibodies, EBV (VCA) (Infectious Mononucleosis)
  • Sample TypeBlood
  • Preparations RequiredThere are no specific instructions to prepare for this test. No fasting is required.
  • Report Time6 hours

Why is the EBV VCA IgM test ordered?

This test is often ordered when a person, especially a young adult or teenager, has symptoms suggestive of mononucleosis such as fatigue, fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and sometimes a swollen spleen.

How is the test performed?

A blood sample is drawn from a vein in the arm. This sample is then sent to a laboratory where the presence of IgM antibodies to the viral capsid antigen (VCA) of the Epstein-Barr virus is tested.

Home Sample Collection Process
1
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Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
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Frequently Asked Questions

The presence of VCA IgM antibodies typically indicates a recent infection with EBV. The absence of VCA IgM antibodies would suggest that the symptoms are not due to a current EBV infection.

There is no specific cure for an EBV infection. Most cases of mononucleosis due to EBV are mild and only require relief of symptoms. Rest and adequate fluids are often recommended.

There is currently no vaccine for EBV, and prevention is difficult since the virus is very common and can be spread even without symptoms.

In rare cases, complications such as a ruptured spleen, liver issues, or neurological complications can arise.

Yes, EBV is contagious and is typically spread through bodily fluids, especially saliva.

It usually takes 4 to 6 weeks for symptoms to appear after being infected with the virus.

Once you are infected with EBV, you usually develop immunity to the virus. However, the virus remains in the body and can reactivate without symptoms.

It depends on the severity of symptoms. It is important to avoid strenuous activity and heavy lifting to prevent spleen rupture if you have mononucleosis.

You should avoid alcohol as it can affect the liver, which might already be strained due to the infection. Strenuous activities and contact sports should also be avoided.

Most people recover fully from mononucleosis. However, some individuals may feel fatigued for several weeks or months.

Chronic EBV infections have been associated with certain types of cancer, such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Burkitt’s lymphoma, but this is relatively rare.

EBV can infect anyone, but symptoms of mononucleosis are most common in teenagers and young adults.

If your test results are abnormal, it is advised to consult a doctor who specializes in infectious diseases.

Epstein-Barr virus is a common virus that can lead to infectious mononucleosis. While there is no cure, most infections are mild and resolve with proper care and rest. Understanding your test results can be an important part of managing your health, so don’t hesitate to discuss them with your doctor to get the proper advice and care.

Epstein Barr Virus Viral Capsid Antigen IgM Antibodies, EBV (VCA) (Infectious Mononucleosis)
₹ 1600
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