Entamoeba Histolytica Antibody (IgG) - Amoebiasis Test

Entamoeba histolytica is a parasite that causes a disease known as amoebiasis, which mainly affects the intestines and sometimes the liver. It is most commonly acquired through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. The Entamoeba Histolytica Antibody (IgG) test is conducted to detect the presence of antibodies against the parasite in the blood. It is used as a means to diagnose amoebiasis, especially in cases of extraintestinal amoebiasis like amoebic liver abscess.

When the body is infected by Entamoeba histolytica, the immune system responds by producing antibodies. IgG is one of the antibodies that is produced. The presence of IgG antibodies specific to Entamoeba histolytica indicates either a current or past infection with the parasite.

Test Name Entamoeba Histolytica Antibody (IgG) - Amoebiasis
Sample Type Blood
Preparations Required No special preparation is needed for this test.
Report Time 24 hours
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 1300

What is amoebiasis?

Amoebiasis is an infection caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica. It mostly affects the intestines and can cause symptoms like diarrhea, stomach pain, and bloody stools. In some cases, it can also affect the liver.

How is the Entamoeba Histolytica Antibody (IgG) test performed?

A healthcare professional will collect a blood sample from a vein in your arm using a syringe or vial. This sample will then be sent to a lab to detect the presence of IgG antibodies against Entamoeba histolytica.

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What does a positive result mean?

A positive result indicates the presence of antibodies against Entamoeba histolytica, suggesting a current or past infection with this parasite.

What are the symptoms of amoebiasis?

The symptoms of intestinal amoebiasis include diarrhea, stomach pain, bloody stools, and sometimes fever. For amoebic liver abscess, symptoms might include fever, pain in the right upper abdomen, and weight loss.

How is amoebiasis transmitted?

Amoebiasis is usually transmitted through the ingestion of food or water that has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person. It can also be spread through person-to-person contact, especially in areas with poor sanitation.

How can I prevent amoebiasis?

To prevent amoebiasis, it is essential to practice good hygiene, wash hands frequently, ensure the safety of drinking water, and avoid eating uncooked vegetables or fruits that cannot be peeled when in areas with poor sanitation.

What is the treatment for amoebiasis?

Amoebiasis is usually treated with antiprotozoal medications. It is important to consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Is amoebiasis a serious condition?

In many cases, amoebiasis can be mild or even asymptomatic. However, if left untreated, it can lead to severe disease, especially when the infection spreads outside the intestines.

Who is at risk for amoebiasis?

People living in or traveling to areas with poor sanitation are at higher risk. Also, individuals with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to infection.

Can amoebiasis recur?

Yes, even after treatment, it is possible for the infection to recur if you are exposed to the parasite again.

How is amoebiasis diagnosed?

Amoebiasis is diagnosed through various tests, including stool tests, antibody tests like the Entamoeba Histolytica Antibody (IgG) test, and imaging tests in the case of liver involvement.

Are there any complications associated with amoebiasis?

If left untreated, amoebiasis can lead to severe complications like amoebic liver abscess, perforation of the colon, and spread of the infection to other parts of the body.

Is there a vaccine for amoebiasis?

As of now, there is no vaccine available for amoebiasis. Prevention is primarily through good hygiene and safe food and water practices.

What should I do if I suspect I have amoebiasis?

If you have symptoms suggestive of amoebiasis, especially if you have traveled to an area where the infection is common, it is important to see a doctor for proper evaluation and treatment.

Which doctor should I consult for amoebiasis?

If you suspect you have amoebiasis or have been diagnosed with it, you should consult a general physician or an infectious disease specialist.

Understanding amoebiasis and the importance of its timely diagnosis and treatment is essential. The Entamoeba Histolytica Antibody (IgG) test is an important diagnostic tool, especially for detecting extraintestinal infections. It's essential to practice preventative measures, especially in areas where the infection is common, and seek medical advice if you experience symptoms or believe you may have been exposed to the parasite. Proper medical care and adherence to treatment protocols are vital in managing and overcoming amoebiasis.

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