Dysmorphic Red Blood Cells, commonly referred to as Dysmorphic RBCs, are abnormal forms of red blood cells that can be found in urine. Their presence is typically an indication of a problem within the kidneys, such as glomerulonephritis, which is an inflammation of the glomeruli. The glomeruli are tiny clusters of blood vessels within the kidneys that are responsible for filtering the blood and creating urine.

Normal RBCs are round, but when they pass through the diseased glomeruli, they undergo shape changes and become dysmorphic. Therefore, the detection of dysmorphic RBCs in urine is significant in the evaluation of hematuria (blood in the urine) and helps in identifying the source of bleeding within the urinary tract.

Test Name Dysmorphic Red Blood Cells (RBCs) in Urine
Sample Type Urine
Preparations Required No special preparation is needed. Collect a midstream urine sample in a sterile container.
Report Time 4 hours
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 660

What does the presence of Dysmorphic RBCs in urine indicate?

The presence of Dysmorphic RBCs in urine is indicative of a glomerular disorder, which means there might be a problem with the kidneys' filtration system.

How is a urine sample for Dysmorphic RBCs collected?

A midstream urine sample is typically collected. This means you urinate a small amount into the toilet before collecting a sample in a sterile container. This helps to ensure that the sample is not contaminated with bacteria or cells from the outside of the urinary tract.

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What is the difference between Dysmorphic RBCs and normal RBCs in urine?

Normal RBCs are smooth and round, while Dysmorphic RBCs have irregular shapes due to damage as they pass through diseased glomeruli in the kidneys. The presence of normal RBCs in urine might indicate bleeding in the lower urinary tract, while dysmorphic RBCs suggest a kidney problem.

Is the presence of Dysmorphic RBCs in urine always a cause for concern?

While not always indicative of a serious issue, the presence of Dysmorphic RBCs should be evaluated further to rule out kidney diseases, especially if there are other signs or symptoms such as protein in the urine, swelling, or high blood pressure.

Can medications or foods affect the test results?

Certain medications and foods can cause discoloration of the urine or affect the urinary tract. It's important to tell your doctor about any medications you are taking or foods you have consumed.

What conditions can cause Dysmorphic RBCs in the urine?

Conditions such as glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, vasculitis, or IgA nephropathy can cause Dysmorphic RBCs to appear in the urine.

How is hematuria related to Dysmorphic RBCs?

Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. When the blood in urine is due to a kidney problem, Dysmorphic RBCs are often present.

What are the symptoms of kidney problems that might be associated with Dysmorphic RBCs?

Symptoms of kidney problems include swelling of the legs, decreased urine output, fatigue, shortness of breath, and high blood pressure.

Can Dysmorphic RBCs be present in the urine of healthy individuals?

Typically, Dysmorphic RBCs are not present in the urine of healthy individuals. Their presence is usually indicative of some underlying kidney issue.

Are there any treatments for reducing Dysmorphic RBCs in the urine?

Treatment depends on the underlying cause. In cases of glomerulonephritis or another kidney disorder, medications such as corticosteroids may be prescribed. It's important to manage blood pressure and follow a kidney-friendly diet as well.

What should I do if my test results show Dysmorphic RBCs in my urine?

If the test results show Dysmorphic RBCs in the urine, its important to consult your doctor for further evaluation and to determine the underlying cause.

Is this test done as a routine examination?

Not usually. It is typically done when there is a suspicion of kidney disease, especially if there are symptoms like blood in the urine.

Can a urine test for Dysmorphic RBCs detect kidney disease at an early stage?

Yes, the presence of Dysmorphic RBCs can be an early indicator of kidney disease, especially glomerular diseases.

What factors might cause an increase in Dysmorphic RBCs?

Factors might include infections, autoimmune diseases, certain medications, and genetic predispositions.

Which doctor should I consult if my test results are abnormal?

If your test results are abnormal, it is advisable to consult your primary care doctor who might refer you to a nephrologist for specialized kidney care.

The presence of Dysmorphic RBCs in urine is vital in assessing kidney health. The test can provide essential insights for a doctor to evaluate the state of a patient's kidneys and urinary tract. Early detection and management of any underlying disease are crucial for preventing progressive kidney damage. It's essential for patients to communicate openly with their doctors and follow recommended treatment plans.

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