Lab Test

Dengue IgM Antibody - ELISA

Dengue fever is a viral infection transmitted through the bites of mosquitoes infected with the dengue virus. It's characterized by high fever, headache, severe muscle and joint pains, rash, and mild bleeding. Early diagnosis is crucial for effective management. The Dengue IgM Antibody - ELISA test is instrumental in diagnosing dengue fever. This test detects IgM antibodies which the immune system produces as an early response to dengue infection. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a laboratory technique that uses antibodies and color change to identify the presence of the IgM antibodies.

  • Profile Name: Dengue IgM Antibody - ELISA
  • Sample Type: Blood
  • Preparations Required: No specific preparation is required for this test.
  • Report Time: 6 hours

Why is the Dengue IgM Antibody test done?

This test is primarily done to diagnose an acute dengue infection. Dengue IgM antibodies are usually detectable within 3-5 days after the onset of symptoms, and testing for these antibodies helps confirm dengue infection.

How is the Dengue IgM Antibody test performed?

A healthcare professional will collect a blood sample from a vein in your arm. The sample is then sent to a laboratory where the ELISA technique is used to detect the presence of IgM antibodies specific to the dengue virus.

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Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

This test is crucial for the rapid diagnosis of dengue infection. By detecting the presence of dengue-specific antibodies (IgM and IgG), it helps determine whether a person is currently infected (indicated by IgM) or was infected in the past (indicated by IgG).

The test is performed on a blood sample, usually drawn from a vein in your arm by a healthcare professional. The collected sample is then processed in a lab for analysis.

A positive IgM result indicates a recent infection, while a positive IgG test may mean a past infection. A positive IgG with a positive IgM test may mean a secondary dengue infection. Consult your doctor for a comprehensive interpretation of your test results.

If your test results are positive, you should consult an infectious disease specialist or a general physician who can provide appropriate treatment and guide you on the next steps.

Prevention methods mainly involve avoiding mosquito bites. This includes using mosquito repellents, wearing protective clothing, and ensuring that areas where mosquitoes can breed are clean and dry.

If you have symptoms like high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, rash, or mild bleeding (like nose bleed or gum bleeding), and especially if you live in or have recently visited a dengue-endemic area, your doctor might recommend this test.

Some factors like cross-reactivity with other similar viruses such as Zika or Chikungunya might affect the test results. It's always important to provide a full clinical history to your doctor.

No, this test requires a blood sample to be drawn by a healthcare professional and sent to a laboratory for analysis.

In a primary dengue infection, symptoms are typically mild. Secondary dengue infection occurs when a person is infected a second time with a different strain of the virus, and it is often more severe than the first infection.

Yes, there are four different serotypes of dengue virus. Infection with one serotype provides lifelong immunity against that particular serotype, but subsequent infections with other serotypes can occur.

A positive result indicates that IgM antibodies were detected, which is likely due to a recent dengue infection. A negative result means that IgM antibodies were not detected, and the person might not have a recent dengue infection.

No specific preparation is required before the Dengue IgM Antibody test.

Yes, this test is often used for screening during dengue outbreaks as it helps identify recent infections.

If your test results are positive, it is important to follow up with a healthcare provider for proper medical advice and management.

Prevention of dengue fever mainly involves protecting yourself from mosquito bites. Use mosquito repellent, wear protective clothing, and eliminate standing water where mosquitoes can breed.

IgM antibodies are produced early in the infection and usually indicate a recent infection. IgG antibodies are produced later and can indicate a past infection or a secondary dengue infection.

No test is 100% accurate. There can be false-positive or false-negative results due to various factors, including the timing of the test. It is important to interpret the results in conjunction with clinical symptoms and other laboratory findings.

In some cases, dengue fever can develop into severe dengue or dengue hemorrhagic fever, which can cause bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure, and can be fatal if not properly managed.

Yes, there is a vaccine for dengue fever, but it is only recommended for individuals who have been previously infected with the dengue virus.

There is no specific treatment for dengue fever. Management is aimed at relieving symptoms, which can include pain relief and fluids for hydration. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

Yes, the symptoms of dengue fever can be similar to those of other viral infections such as flu, chikungunya, or Zika virus, which is why laboratory testing is important for a definitive diagnosis.

Dengue fever is not contagious from person to person. It is transmitted through the bites of infected Aedes mosquitoes.

Yes, since there are four different serotypes of the dengue virus, it is possible to get dengue fever more than once. However, subsequent infections are often more severe than the first.

The Dengue IgM Antibody - ELISA test is an essential tool in the early detection and diagnosis of dengue fever. Since early management is crucial in preventing complications, individuals experiencing symptoms of dengue fever or who have been in areas where dengue is endemic should consider being tested. A healthcare provider will provide the necessary guidance and management based on the test results.

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