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₹ 2000

Cytochemistry is the branch of cytology involved with the chemical residences of cells, especially via using staining techniques. Cytochemical staining is used to differentiate cells and observe their morphology, which may be crucial in diagnosing numerous illnesses, specifically hematological cancers like leukemia. Specific stains are used to identify positive enzymes or substances in the cells, and among those, MPO, PAS, NSE, CAE, and Perl's are often used.

  • MPO (Myeloperoxidase) stain is typically used to pick out myeloid cells.

  • PAS (Periodic Acid-Schiff) stain detects glycogen and other carbohydrates.

  • NSE (Non-Specific Esterase) is used to locate monocytes and megakaryocytes.

  • CAE (Chloroacetate Esterase) identifies granulocytes.

  • Perl's stain is used for detecting iron deposits in cells.

When it involves cytochemistry checks or cytochemical stains, precision and accuracy are crucial for scientific diagnoses. The utility of those staining strategies enables clinicians to pinpoint particular cell types and abnormalities, assisting in precise ailment identification and subsequent remedy techniques. While the sprint diagnostic gives you, the accurate results of the Cytochemistry stains test.

Test Name Cytochemistry Stains (MPO, PAS, NSE, CAE, Perl's) Test
Sample Type Bone Marrow / Blood
Preparations Required No special preparation is required for this test.
Report Time 2 days
Price ₹ 2000

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Why are Cytochemistry Stains important?

Cytochemistry Stains play a crucial role in precise cell identification, pivotal for diagnosing blood cancers, notably leukemia. They aid in characterizing cells based on specific enzymes or substances, enabling accurate diagnoses and tailored treatment strategies.

2. How is the sample collected for Cytochemistry Stains?

In Cytochemistry Stains, a sample of blood or bone marrow is collected, typically through minimally invasive procedures like bone marrow aspiration or biopsy. This collection method ensures precise and reliable sample acquisition for comprehensive analysis.

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3. What does the MPO stain indicate?

The MPO (Myeloperoxidase) stain is instrumental in detecting myeloperoxidase, a key enzyme found in myeloid cells. Its presence serves as a valuable indicator of the myeloid lineage, contributing significantly to the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukaemia.

4. What substances are identified by the PAS stain?

The PAS (Periodic Acid-Schiff) stain is adept at identifying carbohydrates like glycogen within cells. This stain is widely used to pinpoint specific types of leukemia and lymphoma, aiding in accurate disease classification.

5. How is NSE stain used in Cytochemistry?

The NSE (Non-Specific Esterase) stain is a pivotal tool for identifying monocytes and megakaryocytes. Its utility in distinguishing various subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia adds critical precision to diagnostic processes.

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