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Lab Test

Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Peritoneal/Ascitic Fluid]

Culture and Sensitivity of Peritoneal or Ascitic Fluid is an essential laboratory test that helps in the diagnosis and treatment of infections in the abdominal cavity. The peritoneal cavity is the space within the abdomen that contains the intestines, the stomach, and the liver. It is lined by the peritoneum, a thin layer of tissue. Ascitic fluid is the fluid that accumulates in the peritoneal cavity, and it's accumulation may be due to various conditions, including infection.

  • Profile Name: Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Peritoneal/Ascitic Fluid]
  • Sample Type: Peritoneal/Ascitic Fluid.
  • Preparations Required: No specific preparation is required, but you should follow your doctor’s instructions and inform them of any medications you are taking.
  • Report Time: 8 days

This test involves taking a sample of the fluid in the peritoneal cavity and growing it in a laboratory to see if any bacteria are present. It also tests how these bacteria respond to different antibiotics which aids in determining the most effective treatment method.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

Peritoneal fluid is a small amount of liquid that is present in the abdominal cavity to lubricate the surfaces of the tissue lining the abdomen and pelvis. Ascitic fluid is an excess accumulation of liquid in the abdominal cavity, which can occur for various reasons, including infection, liver disease, or cancer.

A procedure called paracentesis is used to collect peritoneal or ascitic fluid. In this procedure, a needle is carefully inserted through the abdominal wall into the peritoneal cavity. Ultrasound may be used to guide the needle.

This test can diagnose bacterial infections in the peritoneal or ascitic fluid. By identifying the type of bacteria and knowing which antibiotics they are sensitive to, your doctor can choose the most effective treatment for your infection.

A doctor might order this test if you have symptoms of an infection such as abdominal pain, fever, or tenderness. It is also ordered if you have unexplained fluid build-up in the abdomen.

Paracentesis is generally a safe procedure, but there can be risks and complications such as infection, bleeding, and injury to the intestine or bladder.

Usually, no special preparation is needed, but it’s important to follow your doctor’s instructions. Inform your doctor of all medications you are taking.

The peritoneal cavity can be infected by bacteria such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), Streptococcus, or Staphylococcus. Sometimes, fungi or tuberculosis bacteria can cause infections too.

No, this test is specific for bacterial infections. Other tests are needed to diagnose viral, fungal, or parasitic infections.

If bacteria are grown in the culture, it indicates an infection. The sensitivity portion of the test will show which antibiotics are effective against the bacteria. If no bacteria grow, it is likely that there is no bacterial infection in the fluid.

Treatment typically involves antibiotics to fight the infection. In some cases, if there is a large amount of infected fluid in the abdomen, a procedure to drain the fluid may be necessary.

You should consult your primary care doctor who may refer you to a specialist such as an infectious disease specialist or a gastroenterologist, depending on the underlying cause of the infection.

The results of this test will guide your doctor in selecting the most effective antibiotic for treatment, which is crucial for resolving the infection and preventing complications.

Common causes of ascitic fluid accumulation include liver cirrhosis, heart failure, tuberculosis, and cancer. Infection is also a cause and is known as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis when it occurs without an apparent cause.

The Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Peritoneal/Ascitic Fluid] test, physicians are able to accurately diagnose and effectively treat bacterial infections within the peritoneal cavity. The ability to identify the bacteria and understand its antibiotic sensitivity is fundamental for the recovery and well-being of the patient. It is imperative for patients to communicate openly with their doctor and follow the prescribed treatment plan for the best possible outcomes.

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