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Lab Test

Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Pericardial Fluid]

Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Pericardial Fluid] is a laboratory test that is conducted to detect and identify bacteria present in the pericardial fluid and to find out which antibiotics are effective against these bacteria. The pericardial fluid is found in the pericardial sac, which surrounds the heart and helps in its proper functioning. Sometimes, infections can affect the pericardium, and this test is critical in diagnosing and treating such infections.

  • Test Name Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Pericardial Fluid]
  • Sample Type Pericardial fluid
  • Preparations Required No specific preparation is needed for this test. Inform the doctor of any medications you are taking.
  • Report Time 8 days

The pericardium is a double-layered sac that encloses the heart. It contains a small amount of fluid that prevents friction between the heart and the surrounding structures during heartbeats. When the pericardium is infected, it can produce excess fluid, which might be due to bacteria. Identifying the bacteria and knowing which antibiotics are effective against them is essential for timely and appropriate treatment.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
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Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

Pericardial fluid is a small amount of fluid that is present between the layers of the pericardium, which is the sac that surrounds the heart. This fluid acts as a lubricant, reducing friction between the heart and the pericardial sac during the heart's movements.

A sample of pericardial fluid is generally collected through a procedure called pericardiocentesis. This procedure involves inserting a needle through the chest wall into the pericardial space to withdraw fluid. This is done under sterile conditions, often using imaging guidance to ensure accuracy.

The test is used to detect bacterial infections in the pericardial fluid. By identifying the bacteria and testing its sensitivity to various antibiotics, doctors can provide the most effective treatment for the infection.

This test is often used to diagnose bacterial pericarditis, which is an infection of the pericardium. It can also be used to monitor patients with known infections or who are at high risk of infection.

Symptoms of pericardial infection can include chest pain, fever, fatigue, difficulty breathing, and a rapid heartbeat. It is crucial to consult a doctor if you experience these symptoms, especially if they are severe or sudden.

Once the pericardial fluid is collected, it is sent to a laboratory where it is cultured, meaning it is placed in conditions that allow any bacteria present to grow. Once the bacteria grow, they are identified, and their sensitivity to various antibiotics is tested.

If bacteria are found in the culture, it means that there is an infection. The sensitivity results will indicate which antibiotics are likely to be effective in treating the infection. If no bacteria are found, it means that there is no bacterial infection in the pericardial fluid.

Pericardiocentesis is generally safe, but as with any invasive procedure, there are risks involved including infection, bleeding, and puncturing of the heart or lungs. The procedure is performed with utmost care and often under imaging guidance to minimize these risks.

It is important to discuss with your doctor the medications you are currently taking, as you might need to stop taking certain medications temporarily before the procedure.

Some common bacteria that can infect the pericardium include Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae.

If the test results indicate an infection in the pericardial fluid, it is advisable to consult a cardiologist or an infectious disease specialist for further evaluation and treatment.

Yes, besides bacteria, other microorganisms such as viruses, fungi, and parasites can also infect the pericardium. However, the Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Pericardial Fluid] test specifically tests for bacterial infections.

Bacterial pericarditis is generally treated with antibiotics to fight the infection. Depending on the severity, other treatments such as pericardiocentesis to remove excess fluid, or medications to reduce inflammation, may be required. The presence of bacteria in the pericardial fluid and their sensitivity to antibiotics, the Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Pericardial Fluid] test plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of bacterial infections of the pericardium. This information allows for the timely initiation of the most effective treatment, which is essential in preventing complications and ensuring the best possible outcomes for patients with pericardial infections. It is important for patients to follow the instructions of their doctor regarding preparation for the procedure and the interpretation of the results.

Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [PERICARDIAL FLUID]
₹ 1050
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Locations Near You in Hyderabad
  • 4KM from Madhapur
  • 3KM from Banjara Hills
  • 1.9KM from Yusufguda
  • 3KM from Madhura Nagar
  • 5KM from Shaikpet