Book Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Nasal Swab] Test

Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Nasal Swab] is a diagnostic test used to detect and identify bacteria that may be present in the nasal passages and to determine their sensitivity to various antibiotics. This test is especially useful in cases of suspected bacterial infections in the upper respiratory tract, including bacterial sinusitis or nasal carriage of bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, which can be a source of infection.

The nasal passages are an important part of the respiratory system and are exposed to countless microorganisms on a daily basis. While many of these microorganisms are harmless, some bacteria can cause infections, particularly if the immune system is compromised. The Culture and Sensitivity test involves taking a swab from the inside of the nasal passages, which is then cultured in a laboratory to allow any bacteria present to grow. Once bacterial growth is achieved, the bacteria are then tested against a range of antibiotics to establish which are most effective in treating the infection.

Test Name Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Nasal Swab]
Sample Type Nasal swab
Preparations Required No special preparation is needed. Avoid using nasal sprays or antihistamines prior to the test unless instructed otherwise by your doctor.
Report Time 3 days
Price ₹ 850

What is the Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Nasal Swab] test used for?

This test is primarily used to identify the presence of bacteria in the nasal passages and to determine the most effective antibiotics for treatment. It can be used to diagnose upper respiratory tract infections, or to screen for bacteria that are commonly carried in the nose and can cause infections.

How is the nasal swab sample collected?

A healthcare professional will use a sterile swab to collect a sample from the inside of your nasal passages. The swab is inserted into the nostril and rotated gently before being withdrawn. The process is quick and generally causes minimal discomfort.

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Is the nasal swab procedure painful?

The procedure might be slightly uncomfortable but is usually not painful. You may feel a tickling sensation or an urge to sneeze during the swabbing.

What kind of infections can be diagnosed with this test?

The test can be used to diagnose bacterial infections of the nasal passages and sinuses, and can also detect colonization by bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause infections in other parts of the body.

What happens if bacteria are found in my nasal passages?

If bacteria are found, your doctor will evaluate the sensitivity results to prescribe the most effective antibiotics to treat the infection or colonization.

What does it mean if the bacteria are resistant to certain antibiotics?

If bacteria are resistant to certain antibiotics, it means that those antibiotics are not effective in treating the infection. Your doctor will choose an alternative antibiotic based on the sensitivity results.

Can viral infections be detected with this test?

No, this test is designed to detect bacterial infections. Other tests are needed to diagnose viral infections.

Can this test detect fungal infections in the nasal passages?

No, this test is specifically for detecting bacterial infections. A different test would be needed to detect fungal infections.

What should I do if I have symptoms of a nasal or sinus infection?

If you have symptoms such as nasal congestion, discharge, facial pain or pressure, or a reduced sense of smell, you should see a doctor. Your doctor may recommend this test to determine if a bacterial infection is present.

Can using nasal sprays or antihistamines affect the results of the test?

Yes, using nasal sprays or antihistamines can affect the results of the test. It is advisable to avoid using these medications prior to the test unless instructed otherwise by your doctor.

What factors can affect the levels of bacteria in the nasal passages?

Factors that can affect the levels of bacteria in the nasal passages include the use of antibiotics or nasal sprays, recent illnesses, exposure to infected individuals, and underlying health conditions that may affect the immune system.

Which doctor should I consult if the test results show an infection?

If the test results indicate an infection, consulting a general physician or an Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) specialist is advisable.

The Culture and Sensitivity - Aerobic [Nasal Swab] test is an essential tool in the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial infections of the nasal passages. This test can help in the timely identification of the offending bacteria, and provide valuable information on the antibiotics that would be effective in managing the infection. In addition to the therapeutic implications, understanding the bacterial flora in the nasal passages is important in preventing the spread of infections, particularly in healthcare settings.

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