Creatine Kinase (CPK) - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test - Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
Patient Preparing : No strenuous physical activity for 24 hours before the test.
The Creatine Kinase (CPK) - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test is a blood test that measures the levels of different forms of creatine kinase, an enzyme found in various tissues in the body including the heart, brain, and skeletal muscles. The test is crucial in diagnosing and monitoring muscle diseases, heart attacks, and other conditions where muscle damage may occur. By analyzing the isoenzymes of CPK through electrophoresis, this test helps in pinpointing the source of muscle damage.
|Creatine Kinase (CPK) - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test
|No strenuous physical activity for 24 hours before the test.
What is the Creatine Kinase (CPK) - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test?
It is a blood test that measures the levels of different forms of creatine kinase, an enzyme that plays a role in energy production in muscles. The isoenzymes help in identifying the specific tissues that are damaged.
Why is the CPK - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test performed?
This test is performed to diagnose muscle diseases, to determine if there is muscle damage after a heart attack, or to monitor muscle damage in other conditions.
Home Sample Collection
How is the CPK - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test performed?
A healthcare professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm. The sample is then sent to a laboratory, where the levels of CPK isoenzymes are measured through electrophoresis.
What do the results of the CPK - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test mean?
Elevated levels of specific CPK isoenzymes indicate damage to certain tissues. For example, high levels of CPK-MB suggest heart muscle damage, while high levels of CPK-MM indicate skeletal muscle damage.
What are the normal ranges for CPK isoenzymes?
Normal ranges can vary, but typically, CPK-MM should make up 95-100% of total CPK, CPK-MB should be 0-5%, and CPK-BB should be 0%.
Are there any risks associated with this test?
The risks are minimal and are similar to those associated with any blood draw, such as pain, bruising, or infection at the injection site.
How should I prepare for the CPK - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test?
Avoid any strenuous physical activity for 24 hours before the test, as it can affect the levels of CPK isoenzymes in your blood.
Which doctor should I consult if my CPK isoenzymes levels are abnormal?
Consult your primary care doctor if your CPK isoenzymes levels are abnormal. They may refer you to a cardiologist or a rheumatologist depending on the findings.
Can medications affect CPK isoenzyme levels?
Yes, certain medications such as statins, steroids, and some psychiatric medications can affect CPK levels.
Is the CPK - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test used to diagnose heart attacks?
Yes, the CPK-MB isoenzyme is particularly important in diagnosing heart muscle damage, which occurs during a heart attack.
What is electrophoresis?
Electrophoresis is a laboratory technique used to separate proteins based on their size and electrical charge. It helps in analyzing different forms of a single protein, such as CPK isoenzymes.
Can strenuous exercise affect the results of the CPK - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test?
Yes, strenuous exercise can cause muscle damage, which can elevate CPK levels, particularly the CPK-MM isoenzyme.
What are the functions of creatine kinase in the body?
Creatine kinase plays a crucial role in energy production in muscles. It helps in converting creatine into phosphocreatine, which is used as a source of energy for muscle contractions.
Can muscle diseases be monitored with CPK - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test?
Yes, this test is useful in diagnosing and monitoring muscle diseases such as muscular dystrophy and polymyositis.
Are there any factors that can interfere with the test results?
Yes, factors such as recent intramuscular injections, trauma, surgery, and certain medications can interfere with the test results.
The Creatine Kinase (CPK) - Isoenzymes Electrophoresis Test is a highly valuable tool for diagnosing and monitoring conditions involving muscle damage. Whether the concern is a heart attack, muscle disease, or other muscle-related conditions, this test provides vital information for effective management and treatment. It is essential to consult a doctor for proper interpretation of test results and appropriate next steps.
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