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Lab Test

Coombs Test - Indirect (Gel Agglutination)

The Coombs Test - Indirect, performed using the Gel Agglutination method, is an important blood test that helps in the detection of antibodies in the plasma that can potentially bind to the surface of red blood cells. It plays a critical role in blood transfusion medicine and in the management of certain conditions during pregnancy, like Rh incompatibility.


  • Test Name Coombs Test - Indirect (Gel Agglutination)
  • Sample Type Blood
  • Preparations Required No fasting or specific preparation is required
  • Report Time 6 hours

Unlike the Direct Coombs Test, which tests for antibodies that are already attached to the red blood cells, the Indirect Coombs Test evaluates the presence of unbound antibodies in the patient’s plasma. Gel Agglutination is a method that enhances the sensitivity of the Indirect Coombs Test, making it more accurate in detecting antibodies.

Home Sample Collection Process

1
Book your convenient slot
Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

The Indirect Coombs Test using Gel Agglutination is a sensitive method to detect antibodies in the plasma that can bind to red blood cells. It's mainly used in blood transfusion medicine and to screen for antibodies in pregnant women that may affect the fetus.

A blood sample is taken and the plasma is separated. The plasma is then mixed with red blood cells of known antigenic makeup in the presence of a special gel containing anti-human globulin. If antibodies are present in the plasma, they will bind to the red blood cells and clump together in the gel. This clumping is detected under a microscope.

A positive result indicates the presence of antibodies in the plasma that can bind to red blood cells. This is important for blood transfusion compatibility and identifying potential risks to the fetus in pregnancy due to antibodies.

A negative result suggests that there are no antibodies in the plasma that would bind to the red blood cells. This is generally an indication that the blood is compatible for transfusion or that there is a lower risk of hemolytic disease in the newborn due to maternal antibodies.

Gel Agglutination is used because it increases the sensitivity of the Indirect Coombs Test. It allows for more precise detection of antibodies, which is crucial for ensuring blood transfusion compatibility and assessing risks in pregnancy.

The risks are minimal and similar to those of a regular blood draw, such as slight pain, bruising, or bleeding at the site where the needle is inserted.

Yes, this test is commonly used during pregnancy to screen for antibodies in the mother’s blood that might affect the fetus, especially in cases of Rh incompatibility.

Certain medications may affect the results of the test. It is important to inform your doctor of all medications and supplements you are taking before the test.

The Indirect Coombs Test detects antibodies in the plasma that can bind to red blood cells, while the Direct Coombs Test detects antibodies that are already bound to the surface of red blood cells.

Blood compatibility testing is crucial to ensure that the recipient’s immune system will not attack the transfused blood, which can lead to serious complications or even death.

A hematologist or a physician who specializes in blood disorders should be consulted if the Indirect Coombs Test is positive. Pregnant women may also need to consult their obstetrician.

The Indirect Coombs Test using Gel Agglutination is a sensitive and critical test used to detect antibodies in the plasma that can bind to red blood cells. This test is invaluable in ensuring the safety and compatibility of blood transfusions and in managing pregnancies where there is a risk of hemolytic disease of the newborn due to maternal antibodies. It is important for patients to consult their doctor for proper interpretation of the results and appropriate guidance.

COOMBS TEST INDIRECT, SERUM
₹ 600
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Locations Near You in Hyderabad
  • 4KM from Madhapur
  • 3KM from Banjara Hills
  • 1.9KM from Yusufguda
  • 3KM from Madhura Nagar
  • 5KM from Shaikpet