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CMV - PCR Qualitative, Amniotic Fluid

CMV - PCR Qualitative, Amniotic Fluid

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus that can infect people of all ages, but it rarely causes symptoms in healthy individuals. However, if a woman gets infected with CMV for the first time during pregnancy, it can potentially cause severe harm to the unborn baby. The CMV-PCR qualitative test on amniotic fluid is used to determine whether an unborn baby has been infected by CMV in utero.

  • Test NameCMV - PCR Qualitative, Amniotic Fluid
  • Sample TypeAmniotic Fluid
  • Preparations RequiredCollection of amniotic fluid for testing should be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional. No other specific preparation is needed for this test.
  • Report Time2 days

What is the CMV-PCR Qualitative test?

The CMV-PCR Qualitative test is a diagnostic test that uses Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technology to identify the presence of CMV DNA in the amniotic fluid. It helps to detect intrauterine CMV infection in the fetus.

Why is the CMV-PCR Qualitative test done?

This test is done when a pregnant woman shows signs of a primary CMV infection or when an ultrasound reveals abnormalities that could indicate a fetal CMV infection. This can include microcephaly, ventriculomegaly, intrauterine growth restriction, and other signs.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

This test involves the collection of amniotic fluid from the pregnant woman, usually done during an amniocentesis procedure. The collected fluid is then sent to a lab, where it's analyzed for the presence of CMV DNA.

A positive test result indicates the presence of CMV DNA in the amniotic fluid, suggesting that the fetus may be infected with the virus. A negative result, however, does not necessarily rule out the possibility of an infection. The results should be interpreted in the context of other diagnostic information.

No specific preparation is necessary for the CMV-PCR Qualitative test. However, the collection of amniotic fluid (amniocentesis) requires specific guidance from a healthcare provider.

This test is typically performed only once when there's a clinical suspicion of fetal CMV infection. It's not a routine prenatal screening test.

Risks associated with the CMV-PCR Qualitative test are mainly those related to the amniocentesis procedure, which can include cramping, vaginal bleeding, leakage of amniotic fluid, and in rare cases, miscarriage.

If your test results are abnormal, you should consult an obstetrician, a maternal-fetal medicine specialist, or an infectious disease specialist, who can interpret the results in the context of the overall clinical picture.

If your test results are abnormal, it suggests the presence of a CMV infection in the fetus. Further diagnostic testing and close monitoring will likely be recommended. Treatment options, such as antiviral therapy, may be discussed, though the benefits and risks of such treatments are still being studied.

A false positive result may occur if the sample gets contaminated with CMV DNA during the collection or handling process. A false-negative result can occur if the amount of virus present is too small to be detected or if there are issues with the sample collection or testing process.

No, the collection of amniotic fluid must be done in a healthcare setting by a trained professional.

Treatment of CMV infection during pregnancy is still an area of active research. Antiviral medications like valganciclovir have been used in some cases, but these medications also carry potential risks. Therefore, the decision to treat should be individualized based on the risk and benefit considerations for each patient.

The CMV-PCR Qualitative test is a vital tool for diagnosing fetal CMV infections. It helps doctors in making a more accurate diagnosis and guides them in providing the most appropriate care for both the mother and the unborn child.

CMV - PCR Qualitative, Amniotic Fluid
₹ 4100
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  • 4KM from Madhapur
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  • 1.9KM from Yusufguda
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  • 5KM from Shaikpet