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Brucella Antibodies - Agglutination

Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that is primarily transmitted from animals to humans. It is caused by various Brucella species, with Brucella melitensis being the most common cause in humans. The infection can be acquired through the consumption of contaminated milk or dairy products, contact with infected animals, or, rarely, human-to-human transmission. Brucella antibodies agglutination test is one of the diagnostic methods used to detect antibodies against the bacteria in the blood, indicating an infection.

  • Test Name Brucella Antibodies - Agglutination
  • Sample Type Blood
  • Preparations Required No fasting or special preparation is required before the test.
  • Report Time 24 hours

The test is based on the principle of agglutination, where the antibodies in the patient's blood sample will bind to the antigens of Brucella, causing them to clump together. This reaction is visible under a microscope or with the naked eye and helps in the diagnosis of brucellosis.

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Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

The Brucella Antibodies - Agglutination test is a blood test used to detect antibodies against Brucella bacteria, which cause brucellosis. The presence of these antibodies typically indicates an infection.

A healthcare professional will draw a blood sample from your arm. In the lab, the blood sample will be mixed with Brucella antigens. If Brucella antibodies are present in the blood, they will bind to the antigens and cause clumping or agglutination.

Individuals who have symptoms of brucellosis, such as fever, sweating, fatigue, and joint pain, or those who have been exposed to potentially infected animals or have consumed unpasteurized dairy products should consider getting tested.

A positive result indicates the presence of antibodies against Brucella, suggesting a current or past infection. A negative result means that no antibodies were detected, which usually indicates no infection.

Yes, false positives can occur due to cross-reactivity with antibodies from other infections. Further tests might be necessary to confirm a diagnosis of brucellosis.

Brucellosis is usually treated with antibiotics. It is important to follow the doctor's instructions closely, as the bacteria can be difficult to eliminate completely.

Brucellosis is primarily acquired through contact with infected animals or consumption of contaminated food products. Human-to-human transmission is rare but can occur through breastfeeding or sexual contact.

Prevention measures include avoiding consumption of unpasteurized milk and dairy products, using protective gear when handling animals, especially in areas where brucellosis is common, and practicing good hygiene.

Yes, in some cases, brucellosis can become a chronic condition with recurring symptoms.

If left untreated, brucellosis can cause complications such as arthritis, endocarditis, and meningitis. It can also affect various organs including the liver and spleen.

Common symptoms include fever, chills, sweating, muscle pain, fatigue, and weight loss. Some people may experience more severe symptoms such as joint, heart, or brain involvement.

There are vaccines for animals but no approved vaccine for humans.

Brucellosis is monitored through blood tests, such as the Brucella Antibodies - Agglutination test, and clinical evaluation of symptoms. Your doctor will determine the frequency of monitoring depending on the severity of the infection.

Yes, brucellosis is a reportable disease in many countries. Doctors are required to report cases to public health authorities to monitor and control the spread of the infection.

If you have abnormal levels of Brucella antibodies or symptoms suggestive of brucellosis, you should consult a general physician or an infectious disease specialist.

Brucellosis is a significant health issue, especially in areas where the disease is endemic. Early diagnosis through tests such as Brucella Antibodies - Agglutination, followed by proper medical treatment, is crucial in managing the infection and preventing complications. Being aware of the sources of infection and taking preventive measures is vital in reducing the risk of contracting brucellosis.

Brucella Antibodies - Agglutination
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