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Blood Grouping and Typing - Gel Card Method

Gel Card Method - Blood Grouping

Blood grouping and typing is a fundamental diagnostic procedure that determines an individual's blood group. Knowing one’s blood group is essential for safe blood transfusions, organ transplants, and determining the maternal-fetal blood compatibility during pregnancy. Among the various techniques available for blood grouping and typing, the Gel Card Method has emerged as a reliable and efficient technique. This method employs microtubes contained in a gel matrix, allowing for easier and more precise detection of agglutination reactions compared to traditional test tube methods.


  • Test Name Blood Grouping and Typing - Gel Card Method
  • Sample Type Blood
  • Preparations Required There are no specific preparations needed for this test.
  • Report Time 4 Hours

The Gel Card Method is based on the principles of agglutination and hemagglutination. Agglutination is the clumping together of particles – in this case, red blood cells (RBCs). The RBCs will agglutinate when mixed with sera containing the corresponding antibodies. The degree of agglutination in the microtubes within the gel card is then used to determine the blood group.

Home Sample Collection Process

1
Book your convenient slot
Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
Download Reports
Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

Blood grouping and typing are critical for safe blood transfusions, organ transplants, and to prevent hemolytic disease of the newborn due to incompatibility between the mother's and baby's blood group.

The Gel Card Method uses a gel matrix in microtubes to detect agglutination reactions. This allows for clearer and more reliable results compared to the traditional tube test method.

Yes, the Gel Card Method is known for its accuracy and reliability in determining blood groups.

Knowing your blood type is essential for receiving safe blood transfusions and for compatibility in organ transplants. It is also important during pregnancy to prevent potential complications related to blood group incompatibility between mother and child.

A blood sample is mixed with specific antisera in microtubes containing a gel matrix. The card is then centrifuged, and the reaction is observed for agglutination, which is used to determine the blood group.

The turnaround time for this test is usually between 1-3 hours.

The risks associated with this test are minimal and are related to the blood draw, such as slight pain or bruising at the site of the needle insertion.

No, there are no specific preparations needed for this test.

Yes, the Gel Card Method can be used to detect rare blood types and is often employed when dealing with patients with known or suspected rare blood groups.

While ABO and Rh typing are the most common uses, the Gel Card Method can also be used for antibody screening and identifying other blood group systems.

Yes, it is used for crossmatching to ensure that the donor's and recipient's blood are compatible before a blood transfusion.

Receiving incompatible blood can cause a serious reaction that affects the immune system and can be life-threatening.

You can consult your primary care doctor. If the test is needed for specific medical conditions like anemia, organ transplant or pregnancy, specialists such as a hematologist, transplant surgeon or obstetrician may be involved.

Certain medications, recent blood transfusions, or the presence of interfering substances in the blood can sometimes affect the results.

No, your blood type is determined by your genes and does not change over time.

Blood group through blood grouping and typing is a fundamental aspect of modern healthcare. The Gel Card Method is an efficient and reliable technique that ensures safer blood transfusions and organ transplants. It is also vital in managing maternal-fetal blood compatibility during pregnancy. Always communicate with your doctor regarding the need for blood typing and any queries or concerns you may have about the procedure.

Blood Grouping and Typing - Gel Card Method
₹ 300
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Locations Near You in Hyderabad
  • 4KM from Madhapur
  • 3KM from Banjara Hills
  • 1.9KM from Yusufguda
  • 3KM from Madhura Nagar
  • 5KM from Shaikpet