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BK Virus Quantitative Real Time PCR

BK virus is a common virus that is generally acquired during childhood. In most cases, the virus does not cause any health issues and remains latent in the kidneys. However, in individuals with weakened immune systems, such as organ transplant recipients or patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy, the virus can become active and lead to various complications, including polyomavirus- associated nephropathy in kidney transplant recipients, which is a serious condition affecting the kidney.

  • Test Name BK Virus Quantitative Real Time PCR
  • Sample Type Blood or Urine
  • Preparations Required No specific preparation is required for this test.
  • Report Time 24 hours

The BK Virus Quantitative Real Time PCR test is used to determine the amount of BK virus DNA in blood or urine. This is crucial for assessing the viral load in the body. It employs Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technology to amplify the DNA of the virus, which is then quantified. This quantitative measurement is critical in monitoring and managing patients who are at risk for BK virus infection, especially those with kidney transplants.

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
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Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Frequently Asked Questions

BK Virus Quantitative Real Time PCR is a diagnostic test that measures the amount of BK virus DNA in a blood or urine sample. This is crucial for assessing how active the infection is and for monitoring response to treatment.

While Qualitative PCR only detects the presence or absence of the virus, the Quantitative Real Time PCR determines the amount of viral DNA, providing insight into the severity of the infection.

Measuring the viral load is essential for assessing the risk of complications, especially in kidney transplant recipients. A high viral load may indicate an active infection, which can lead to kidney damage.

Individuals with weakened immune systems, particularly those who have undergone kidney transplantation or are on immunosuppressive medications, should undergo this test to monitor for BK virus activity.

A sample of blood or urine is collected from the patient. The sample is then subjected to PCR, where DNA is amplified and measured in real-time.

A high viral load indicates an active BK virus infection, which may require adjustment in immunosuppressive therapy or antiviral treatment. The results should be interpreted by a doctor who will consider clinical symptoms and other relevant factors.

Treatment may include reducing or adjusting immunosuppressive medications, and in some cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed.

There is no vaccine for BK virus. The best preventive strategy for at-risk individuals, such as transplant recipients, is regular monitoring and careful management of immunosuppressive therapy.

In individuals with compromised immune systems, BK virus infection may cause hematuria (blood in the urine), decreased kidney function, and pain in the kidney area.

The frequency of testing depends on the individual's health status and risk factors. In kidney transplant recipients, regular monitoring is often recommended, especially in the first few months post-transplant.

The test itself is non-invasive and involves only the collection of blood or urine. There is minimal risk involved in the sample collection process.

Lab errors, medications, and the presence of substances that inhibit PCR can affect the test results.

Yes, if left unmanaged, BK virus infection can cause significant kidney damage leading to chronic kidney disease.

Currently, there is no treatment that can clear BK virus from the body. Management focuses on controlling the virus and preventing damage to the kidneys.

If your test results are abnormal, it is advisable to consult your nephrologist or transplant doctor for guidance on appropriate management and treatment.

BK virus infection is a significant concern for individuals with weakened immune systems, especially kidney transplant recipients. The BK Virus Quantitative Real Time PCR test is an essential tool for monitoring and managing this infection. Early detection and appropriate management are key to preventing the severe consequences associated with an active BK virus infection. Regular consultations with a doctor are crucial for anyone at risk.

BK Virus Quantitative Real Time PCR
₹ 5500
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Locations Near You in Hyderabad
  • 4KM from Madhapur
  • 3KM from Banjara Hills
  • 1.9KM from Yusufguda
  • 3KM from Madhura Nagar
  • 5KM from Shaikpet