BK Virus Qualitative Real Time PCR - Test Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Patient Preparing : No specific preparation is required for this test.

₹ 4500

BK virus is a member of the polyomavirus family and is known for being a common infection amongst the population. The virus usually doesn't cause any symptoms in people with healthy immune systems. However, in individuals with compromised immune systems, such as organ transplant recipients or patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy, BK virus can reactivate and cause severe infections.

The BK Virus Qualitative Real Time PCR is a test that is used to detect the presence of BK virus in blood or urine. By using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technology, this test can identify even small amounts of the virus's DNA. Real Time PCR also allows for monitoring the PCR as it is in progress. This test is vital, especially for monitoring patients who have had kidney transplants as the BK virus can cause a serious condition called BK virus-associated nephropathy, which can lead to kidney failure.

Test Name BK Virus Qualitative Real Time PCR
Sample Type Blood or Urine
Preparations Required No specific preparation is required for this test.
Report Time 24 hours
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 4500

What is BK Virus?

BK virus is a common virus that many individuals are exposed to in childhood. It usually remains dormant in the kidneys and bladder and does not cause symptoms in healthy individuals.

Why is the BK Virus Qualitative Real Time PCR test performed?

This test is performed to detect the presence of BK virus, especially in individuals who are at a higher risk for BK virus infections such as kidney transplant recipients or people with weakened immune systems.

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What are the symptoms of BK virus infection?

In immunocompromised individuals, BK virus can cause symptoms like hematuria (blood in urine), pain in the kidney area, and in severe cases, kidney failure. It can also cause complications in the urinary tract.

How is the BK Virus Qualitative Real Time PCR test performed?

A blood or urine sample is taken from the patient. The sample is then subjected to PCR, where the DNA is amplified and analyzed in real time to detect the presence of BK virus DNA.

Who should be tested for BK virus?

Individuals who have had an organ transplant, particularly a kidney transplant, or those who are on immunosuppressive therapy should be tested for BK virus.

How can BK virus infection affect a kidney transplant?

BK virus can cause an infection in the transplanted kidney, leading to BK virus-associated nephropathy, which can cause allograft dysfunction and potentially lead to kidney failure.

How often should I be tested for BK virus after a kidney transplant?

Your doctor will recommend a testing schedule. It is common to have regular monitoring for BK virus during the first few months after a kidney transplant.

What is the treatment for BK virus infection?

The primary treatment involves adjusting immunosuppressive medications. In some cases, antiviral medications may be used. It's important to manage the infection under the supervision of a doctor.

Is there any way to prevent BK virus infection?

Currently, there is no vaccine for BK virus. The best way to prevent infection is through careful monitoring and adjusting immunosuppressive therapy as needed.

Is this test conclusive for diagnosing BK virus infection?

This test is highly sensitive and is considered an essential tool for diagnosing BK virus infection. However, your doctor will interpret the results in conjunction with clinical symptoms.

Can BK virus infection be cured?

There is no cure for BK virus, but the infection can be managed effectively through monitoring and adjusting medications.

Is BK virus contagious?

BK virus is not highly contagious, and it is usually contracted in early childhood. In adults, it primarily becomes problematic when the immune system is compromised.

What is the difference between qualitative and quantitative BK virus PCR tests?

Qualitative PCR tests determine the presence of the virus, while quantitative PCR tests measure the amount of viral DNA in the sample.

Can a healthy person have BK virus?

Yes, many individuals are infected with BK virus early in life, but it remains dormant and does not cause symptoms in healthy individuals.

Which doctor should I consult if my test results are abnormal?

If your test results are abnormal, it’s advisable to consult your nephrologist or transplant doctor for guidance on the appropriate management and treatment.

Recognizing and managing BK virus infection, especially in patients with kidney transplants, is crucial. The BK Virus Qualitative Real Time PCR is an essential tool in the early detection and management of this infection. Regular monitoring and timely intervention can help to prevent severe complications and promote long-term health, particularly in immunocompromised individuals.

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