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Beta Hexosaminidase A (GM2-1/ Tay-Sachs)

Beta Hexosaminidase A (GM2-1/ Tay-Sachs)

Beta Hexosaminidase A is a vital enzyme found in cells, and it plays a crucial role in the metabolism of fats. In particular, it is responsible for the degradation of a fatty substance called GM2 ganglioside. Deficiency in Beta Hexosaminidase A results in the accumulation of GM2 ganglioside in nerve cells, leading to a progressive and fatal neurological disorder known as Tay-Sachs disease. This condition predominantly affects children, and its diagnosis is critical for managing symptoms and providing supportive care.

  • Test Name Beta Hexosaminidase A (GM2-1/ Tay-Sachs)
  • Sample Type Blood
  • Preparations Required No fasting is required for this test.
  • Report Time 8 days

Home Sample Collection Process

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Book your convenient slot
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

Tay-Sachs disease is a rare genetic disorder that progressively destroys nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It is caused by a deficiency in the enzyme Beta Hexosaminidase A, which leads to the buildup of GM2 ganglioside in neurons.

In infants, Tay-Sachs disease usually manifests through symptoms such as decreased muscle tone, loss of motor skills, increased startle response, seizures, and progressive blindness. As the disease progresses, children affected by Tay-Sachs can experience paralysis and developmental regression.

The diagnosis of Tay-Sachs disease is made through a blood test that measures the levels of Beta Hexosaminidase A. Genetic testing can also be done to identify the specific mutations causing the enzyme deficiency.

Currently, there is no cure for Tay-Sachs disease. Treatment focuses on managing the symptoms and providing palliative care to improve the quality of life for the affected individual.

The Beta Hexosaminidase A test is critical for diagnosing Tay-Sachs disease. Early diagnosis is essential for managing symptoms and providing appropriate support and interventions.

As Tay-Sachs disease is a genetic disorder, it cannot be prevented. However, genetic counseling and screening can help prospective parents understand their risk of having a child with Tay-Sachs disease.

Tay-Sachs disease is a rare condition, but it is more common in certain populations, such as Ashkenazi Jews, French Canadians, and Cajuns of Louisiana.

While Tay-Sachs disease primarily affects infants, there are also juvenile and adult-onset forms of Tay-Sachs. The symptoms in these forms are usually less severe than in infantile Tay-Sachs.

The life expectancy for individuals with infantile Tay-Sachs disease is usually around 4 to 5 years. For those with the juvenile or adult-onset form, the progression of the disease is slower, and life expectancy is variable.

Support groups and counseling services are available for families affected by Tay-Sachs disease. These services can provide emotional support and resources for coping with the challenges associated with this condition.

There are ongoing research studies aimed at finding treatments and cures for Tay-Sachs disease. These include gene therapy and enzyme replacement therapy.

There are no known environmental factors that exacerbate Tay-Sachs. The progression of the disease is determined primarily by the underlying genetic mutation.

Yes, prenatal testing is available for Tay-Sachs disease and can be done through amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling.

Yes, carrier screening is available for individuals who are considering becoming parents and want to know if they carry the gene mutations for Tay-Sachs.

If Tay-Sachs disease is suspected, it is advisable to consult a pediatric neurologist or geneticist for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Tay-Sachs disease is a severe and fatal genetic disorder. Early diagnosis through the Beta Hexosaminidase A test is crucial for managing the condition and providing support to affected individuals and their families. Genetic counseling is also vital for understanding the risks and planning for families with a history of the disease.

Beta Hexosaminidase A (GM2-1/ taysachs)
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Locations Near You in Hyderabad
  • 4KM from Madhapur
  • 3KM from Banjara Hills
  • 1.9KM from Yusufguda
  • 3KM from Madhura Nagar
  • 5KM from Shaikpet