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Bence Jones Protein Test

What is Bence Jones Protein Test

Bence Jones Protein (BJ Protein) test is an essential diagnostic tool used to detect abnormal proteins in the urine. These proteins, also known as light chains, are produced by abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow, and their presence is often associated with various plasma cell disorders, most notably multiple myeloma, a type of bone marrow cancer.

  • Test Name Bence Jones Protein Test
  • Sample Type Urine
  • Preparations Required No special preparation is needed for this test. Maintain your regular diet and fluid intake.
  • Report Time 4 Hours

In multiple myeloma and some other conditions, the plasma cells produce an excess of light chains, which are released into the blood and filtered out into the urine by the kidneys. These light chains are referred to as Bence Jones Proteins. The BJ Protein test for urine identifies the presence and quantity of these proteins in urine, providing a crucial step towards diagnosis and effective treatment of these conditions.

Home Sample Collection Process

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Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
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Download Reports

Frequently Asked Questions

The BJ Protein test for urine is essential in diagnosing conditions characterized by abnormal plasma cells, like multiple myeloma. Detecting BJ Proteins in the urine can help confirm these conditions, allowing for timely treatment.

Urine Bence Jones protein test is usually suggested when symptoms such as bone pain, fatigue, frequent infections, or unexplained weight loss are present, which could indicate a condition like multiple myeloma.

Abnormal plasma cells in multiple myeloma produce Bence Jones protein.

Symptoms of Bence Jones protein consists of bone pain, weakness, tiredness, frequent infections, kidney issues, and occasionally abnormal bleeding or bruising.

Normally, Bence Jones Proteins are not present in the urine. Their presence indicates an abnormal production of light chains by plasma cells.

The Urine Bence Jones protein test requires collecting urine produced in a 24-hour period and then using immunoelectrophoresis or immunofixation to identify the BJ Protein.

The price of Bence Jones protein Test in Hyderabad is ₹350. Sprint Diagnostics offers affordable pathology lab tests at your nearest locations in Hyderabad.

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