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Lab Test

Anti-Sperm Antibodies Test

Anti-Sperm Antibodies (ASA) are antibodies produced by the immune system that mistakenly target sperm cells. Normally, the immune system protects the body from foreign invaders such as bacteria and viruses. However, in some cases, it may wrongly identify sperm as harmful and produce antibodies against them. This can lead to infertility in men and women as these antibodies can impair the sperm's ability to move efficiently and to fertilize the egg. The Anti-Sperm Antibodies test is crucial for evaluating unexplained infertility in couples struggling to conceive.


  • Profile Name: Anti-Sperm Antibodies Test
  • Sample Type: Blood or Semen
  • Preparations Required: There is no special preparation required for the Anti-Sperm Antibodies test. However, if the sample is semen, abstaining from ejaculation for 2-5 days before the test is recommended for optimal results.
  • Report Time: 6 hours

Infertility affects many couples and has numerous causes. In cases where no apparent cause can be identified, the presence of Anti-Sperm Antibodies may play a significant role. The antibodies can affect the sperm's ability to move through the cervix and into the uterus, and can also inhibit the sperm from penetrating the egg. For females, the presence of these antibodies in cervical mucus or blood can also have negative effects on the sperm.

Home Sample Collection Process
1
Book your convenient slot
Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
Download Reports
Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

The Anti-Sperm Antibodies test is a laboratory test that detects the presence of antibodies in blood or semen that may be targeting and affecting sperm cells. These antibodies can interfere with the sperm’s function and contribute to infertility.

The test is important because the presence of Anti-Sperm Antibodies can be a contributing factor to infertility in men and women. Understanding whether these antibodies are present can help guide fertility treatment options.

Men and women who are experiencing difficulty conceiving and have undergone basic fertility evaluations without identifying a clear cause should consider this test. Additionally, men who have had a vasectomy reversal may also benefit from this test.

The test can be performed on a blood sample or a semen sample. The sample is analyzed in the laboratory to detect the presence and concentration of Anti-Sperm Antibodies.

A positive result indicates the presence of antibodies that are targeting sperm, which may contribute to infertility. A negative result suggests that Anti-Sperm Antibodies are not a contributing factor to infertility in the individual tested.

Treatment options for infertility caused by Anti-Sperm Antibodies include medications to suppress the immune response, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Yes, women can also have Anti-Sperm Antibodies in their cervical mucus or blood, which can impair the sperm’s ability to move efficiently through the reproductive tract and fertilize the egg.

In men, factors such as testicular injury, infection, surgery (including vasectomy), or having an immune system disorder can increase the likelihood. In women, exposure to sperm coupled with a genetic predisposition may contribute.

There is no clear evidence that lifestyle changes can affect the levels of Anti-Sperm Antibodies. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is always beneficial for overall health, including reproductive health.

The test is quite accurate, but it's important to understand that the presence of Anti-Sperm Antibodies is just one of many factors that can contribute to infertility. A comprehensive fertility evaluation is often necessary.

The Anti-Sperm Antibodies test is not usually part of a regular check-up and needs to be specifically requested. It's often done as part of a fertility evaluation.

Yes, with appropriate interventions such as medications, IUI, or IVF, many couples with Anti-Sperm Antibodies related infertility issues can achieve pregnancy.

If the test result is positive, consulting a fertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist is advisable.

Coverage for the Anti-Sperm Antibodies test varies among insurance plans. It is recommended to check with your insurance provider for specific information on coverage.

There is no known way to prevent the production of Anti-Sperm Antibodies as it is an immune response. However, early detection and management can help in addressing fertility issues related to these antibodies.

The Anti-Sperm Antibodies test is an essential tool in understanding and managing unexplained infertility in couples. With the information gained from this test, coupled with appropriate interventions, many couples have the opportunity to work toward achieving pregnancy. If you suspect that Anti-Sperm Antibodies may be a factor in your fertility struggles, it is crucial to communicate with your doctor and explore the testing and treatment options available.

ANTI SPERM ANTIBODY, SERUM
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