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Lab Test

Anti-Endomysial Antibody IgG - EIA

The Anti-Endomysial Antibody IgG test, performed using enzyme immunoassay (EIA), is a diagnostic tool used to detect autoantibodies associated with certain autoimmune disorders, predominantly celiac disease.


Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition that results in an immune reaction to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. In individuals with celiac disease, the ingestion of gluten triggers an immune response that damages the small intestine's lining. Anti-endomysial antibodies (EMA) are a type of antibody often found in people with active celiac disease.

  • Profile Name: Anti-Endomysial Antibody IgG - EIA
  • Sample Type: Blood
  • Preparations Required: No specific preparation is needed for this test.
  • Report Time: 6 hours

Why is the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test important?

The Anti-Endomysial Antibody test is crucial as it aids in diagnosing celiac disease. If left untreated, celiac disease can lead to various health problems, including nutritional deficiencies, osteoporosis, infertility, and neurological conditions. A timely diagnosis allows for the appropriate dietary adjustments, primarily the adoption of a gluten-free diet, to manage the condition effectively.

Is fasting required for the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test?

No, fasting is not required for the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test. However, it's essential to maintain a regular diet, including gluten, before testing to ensure accurate results.

Home Sample Collection Process

1
Book your convenient slot
Book your convenient slot
2
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
Sample Collection by Phlebotomist
3
Reporting of the sample at lab
Reporting of the sample at lab
4
Download Reports
Download Reports
Frequently Asked Questions

There are no special preparations required for the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test. However, you should continue consuming a regular, gluten-containing diet before the test; going gluten-free prematurely may result in false-negative results.

Your doctor might recommend the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test if you show symptoms indicative of celiac disease. These can include diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, weight loss, fatigue, anemia, or dermatitis herpetiformis, a itchy, blistering skin rash.

The Anti-Endomysial Antibody test detects the presence of EMA in your blood. The presence of these antibodies is strongly associated with celiac disease, particularly in active disease states.

The frequency of testing depends on your specific circumstances. If you have been diagnosed with celiac disease, your doctor may recommend regular testing to monitor your response to a gluten-free diet. This test may also be recommended if you have a first-degree relative with celiac disease, given the condition's genetic predisposition.

A negative result is considered normal for the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test. However, the specific cutoff value for "positive" or "negative" can vary depending on the laboratory performing the test.

There are no specific precautions for the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test itself. However, if your results show the presence of EMA, your doctor will guide you on the necessary dietary changes and precautions to manage your condition.

The consumption of a gluten-free diet can affect the results of the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test, potentially leading to a false-negative result. Other factors, such as certain medications and the presence of other autoimmune diseases, may also influence the results.

If your Anti-Endomysial Antibody test is positive, you should consult a gastroenterologist, a specialist in digestive system disorders. You may also benefit from seeing a dietitian to help with dietary adjustments.

While high levels of EMA are most commonly associated with celiac disease, they can also be present in other conditions such as dermatitis herpetiformis, a skin manifestation of celiac disease. However, their presence is considered a hallmark of active celiac disease.

There is no direct hereditary pattern for EMA levels. However, susceptibility to developing celiac disease, the condition most often associated with these antibodies, does have a genetic component.

The Anti-Endomysial Antibody test doesn't directly measure the severity of celiac disease but rather indicates the immune system's response to gluten. The test's main value lies in aiding diagnosis and monitoring dietary compliance in diagnosed individuals.

It's unusual for healthy individuals to have high levels of EMA. These antibodies are typically present in those with celiac disease or related conditions.

Your healthcare provider should interpret your test results, considering your symptoms, medical history, and other test results. The presence of EMA, in conjunction with typical symptoms and other supportive laboratory findings, strongly suggests a diagnosis of celiac disease.

Understanding the importance of the Anti-Endomysial Antibody test is essential for those with suspected or confirmed celiac disease. This knowledge empowers patients to manage their health proactively under the guidance of their healthcare providers. Adopting a strict gluten-free diet in response to positive results can significantly improve symptoms and prevent complications associated with celiac disease.

Anti Endomysial Antibody IgG - EIA
₹ 3900
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Locations Near You in Hyderabad
  • 4KM from Madhapur
  • 3KM from Banjara Hills
  • 1.9KM from Yusufguda
  • 3KM from Madhura Nagar
  • 5KM from Shaikpet