AMH - Anti-Mullerian Hormone - Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad
Patient Preparing : No fasting is required. It is advisable to schedule the test in the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle (usually day 2-4), but it can be done at any time if the woman is not having regular cycles.
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is a protein hormone produced by the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicles in females and by Sertoli cells in males. In women, AMH plays a crucial role in the development of follicles, which are sacs in the ovaries that contain the immature eggs. The level of AMH in a woman’s blood is often considered an indicator of her ovarian reserve, which is the number of eggs that she has left for reproduction. This test is commonly used in the evaluation of female fertility and to assess the ovarian response for those who are undergoing assisted reproductive technologies such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF). In males, AMH is involved in the process of testicular development and descent.
|AMH - Anti-Mullerian Hormone
|No fasting is required. It is advisable to schedule the test in the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle (usually day 2-4), but it can be done at any time if the woman is not having regular cycles.
|Price in Hyderabad
Why is the AMH test done?
The AMH test is primarily used to evaluate a woman’s ovarian reserve and fertility potential. It is also used to predict the response of ovaries to fertility treatment, and in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In males, it is sometimes used to evaluate testicular function.
What do the levels of AMH indicate?
In women, high levels of AMH indicate a high number of remaining eggs, while low levels suggest a lower ovarian reserve. Extremely high levels might be indicative of PCOS. In men, abnormal levels of AMH can be associated with fertility issues and testicular dysfunction.
Home Sample Collection
How is the AMH test performed?
A blood sample is drawn from a vein in the arm. This sample is then sent to the laboratory for analysis to measure the level of AMH in the blood.
Do the levels of AMH vary during the menstrual cycle?
AMH levels are relatively stable throughout the menstrual cycle, but it is generally advised to test it in the early follicular phase for more consistent results.
Are there any medications or supplements that can affect AMH levels?
Yes, oral contraceptives, ovarian suppressors, and some hormonal therapies can affect AMH levels. Inform your doctor of any medications or supplements you are taking before the test.
Can the AMH test predict menopause?
AMH levels can provide information about the ovarian reserve, but it is not a definitive predictor of when a woman will reach menopause.
What are the normal levels of AMH for women?
Normal levels of AMH vary depending on age. For women in their reproductive years, levels between 1.0 - 4.0 ng/mL are generally considered normal.
Can lifestyle changes affect AMH levels?
There is limited evidence that lifestyle changes can significantly alter AMH levels, as they are largely determined by genetics. However, a healthy lifestyle may positively affect overall reproductive health.
Are low levels of AMH a definitive indicator of infertility?
No, low AMH levels indicate a lower ovarian reserve, but not necessarily infertility. A woman with low AMH can still conceive naturally or with the help of fertility treatments.
Can men also have the AMH test done?
Yes, men can have the AMH test done, usually in the evaluation of testicular function or in cases of ambiguous genitalia in infancy.
What can cause high AMH levels in women?
High AMH levels in women may be indicative of PCOS, a condition in which small cysts develop on the ovaries, often leading to hormonal imbalances.
How is PCOS diagnosed using the AMH test?
PCOS diagnosis is typically based on symptoms, but high levels of AMH can support the diagnosis as women with PCOS tend to have 2-3 times the normal level of AMH.
Can diet affect AMH levels?
There is no definitive evidence that diet can significantly affect AMH levels, but a well-balanced diet can contribute to overall reproductive health.
Is there any treatment to increase AMH levels?
There is no proven treatment to increase AMH levels, as they are largely determined by the number of eggs in the ovaries. Some supplements like DHEA and CoQ10 are thought to improve egg quality but more research is needed.
Which doctor should I consult if my AMH levels are abnormal?
Consult a gynecologist for female reproductive health concerns or an endocrinologist for hormonal imbalances. Men should consult a urologist or an endocrinologist.
Having knowledge about your AMH levels can be an important piece in the puzzle of fertility and reproductive health. It is important to remember that AMH is just one indicator of fertility and should be considered in conjunction with other tests and clinical evaluation. If you are trying to conceive or have concerns about your reproductive health, consult your doctor for personalized advice and evaluation. Regular communication with your doctor can lead to better understanding and management of your reproductive health.
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