Alpha Feto Protein (AFP) Ascitic Fluid Test - Price, Normal Range | Sprint Diagnostics Hyderabad

Patient Preparing : No special preparation is needed for this test.

₹ 1000


Alpha Feto Protein (AFP) is a protein produced by the liver and yolk sac of a developing fetus. In adults, its levels are typically very low, but can be elevated in certain liver diseases and cancers.

Test Name Alpha Feto Protein (AFP) - Ascitic Fluid
Sample Type Ascitic Fluid
Preparations Required No special preparation is needed for this test.
Report Time 6 hours
Price in Hyderabad ₹ 1000

What is Alpha Feto Protein?

Alpha Feto Protein (AFP) is a protein that is produced in large amounts by the developing fetus. In adults, its levels are typically very low, but can be elevated in certain liver diseases and cancers.

Why is AFP measured in ascitic fluid?

Ascites is the buildup of fluid in the space between the lining of the abdomen and the organs. Measuring AFP in ascitic fluid can be used to help determine the cause of the ascites, particularly in the context of liver disease and liver cancer.

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How is the test for Alpha Feto Protein in ascitic fluid performed?

The test is performed on a sample of ascitic fluid. This is obtained through a procedure known as paracentesis, where a needle is inserted into the abdominal cavity and fluid is withdrawn for testing.

When might a healthcare provider order an Alpha Feto Protein test on ascitic fluid?

A healthcare provider might order an AFP test on ascitic fluid if a patient has unexplained ascites, particularly if there is a concern for liver disease or liver cancer.

How are the test results interpreted?

Results are typically reported in concentration (like nanograms per milliliter). High levels of AFP in ascitic fluid may suggest a malignant cause for the ascites, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer).

What does it mean if the AFP levels are high in ascitic fluid?

High levels of AFP in ascitic fluid can suggest a malignant cause for the ascites. The most common malignancy associated with high AFP levels is hepatocellular carcinoma, a type of liver cancer.

What factors can influence the test results?

Certain medications and conditions can affect the level of AFP. For example, certain chemotherapy drugs can affect AFP levels. In addition, conditions such as cirrhosis or chronic active hepatitis can also cause elevated AFP levels.

What are the risks associated with the paracentesis procedure?

Paracentesis is generally a safe procedure, but it does carry a small risk of complications. These may include infection, bleeding, and injury to the abdominal organs.

How can I prepare for the test?

There's no special preparation required for an AFP test. However, because it involves an invasive procedure (paracentesis), you should discuss the benefits and risks with your healthcare provider.

What happens after the test?

If AFP levels are abnormal, further testing may be necessary to determine the cause of the ascites. This could include imaging studies, blood tests, or possibly a liver biopsy.

What is the next step after an abnormal AFP result?

If your AFP levels are elevated, your healthcare provider may order additional tests to help determine the cause. This could include imaging studies, additional blood tests, or possibly a liver biopsy. The specific next steps would depend on your symptoms, medical history, and overall health.

Can I take medications before the test?

Most medications do not interfere with the test, but some medications can affect the level of proteins in your blood. It's important to discuss all medications you're taking with your healthcare provider before the test.

How often should this test be done?

The AFP test is typically performed when ascites is present and a malignancy is suspected. The frequency of testing would depend on the individual patient's symptoms and medical condition.

Can other proteins be tested in ascitic fluid?

Yes, in addition to AFP, other proteins can be measured in ascitic fluid to help determine the cause of the ascites. These may include albumin and total protein levels, among others.

What other tests might be performed along with AFP in ascitic fluid?

Other tests often performed in conjunction with AFP testing in ascitic fluid include cell count and differential, albumin level, and cultures to check for infection. These tests help give a more complete picture of the cause of the ascites.

Remember, it's important to discuss your test results and any concerns you may have with your healthcare provider, as this information is part of a comprehensive evaluation.

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